Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana attempted the development of consciencism
, Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia advocated what he called humanism, Mobuto Sese Seka of Zaire called his vision of authenticite, Daniel arap Moi of Kenya formulated the concept of nyayo, and Mwalimu Julius Nyerere of Tanzania brought forward ujamaa (Ntuli:2003).
d The African Experience in Politics and Culture: From Monroe's Doctrine to Nkrumah's Consciencism
Although dwarfed by Danquah's and Awolowo's abject disdain towards the critical masses, Nkrumah's own revelatory moment of the historical-political agency of the masses is in his realization in Consciencism
that "independence [.
As a pan-African magazine and one that expounds the spirit of African consciencism
and togetherness, it was shocking that Gathafi and ElBaradei were left out.
Such a philosophical statement I propose to name philosophical consciencism
Literary strains of negritude and consciencism
in Joseph Brahim Seid: envisioning nation and a new multicultural Chadian identiy
In his ground-breaking books, Neo-Colonialism: The Last stage of Imperialism (1965) and Consciencism
(1972) he has a comprehensive reflection on the current African quandary in a new geo-political world that is now a global village, as we realised that freedom and democracy possess an economic and a political dimension.
In 1945 after leaving Lincoln University, he wrote Ghana: The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah in 1957, Towards Colonial Freedom in 1957 and republished in 1962, I Speak of Freedom in 1961, Africa Must Unite in 1964, Consciencism
in 1964, Neocolonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism in 1965, and Challenge of the Congo in 1967.
Kwame Nkrumah wrote eloquently in his book Consciencism
that thought without practice in blind and practice without thought is empty.
His justification for the need for philosophical consciencism
as an ideology for decolonization is based on the assumption of the irreversibility of the dynamic changes which had taken place in African society under the impact of alien cultures, together with the view that for any institution or ideology to be effective, it must relate to the conditions of the people it purports to serve.
In summary, Nkrumah's analytical and conceptual contribution to class struggle, neocolonialism, Consciencism
, the necessity for greater and meaningful solidarity between Africa and the social movements of Latin America and Asia, the necessity for socialism and his principled opposition to nuclear weapons--are intellectual legacies that remain highly pertinent to African people today.
Roy Walker--Chicago, IL Advocate of Philosophical Consciencism