As a pan-African magazine and one that expounds the spirit of African consciencism
and togetherness, it was shocking that Gathafi and ElBaradei were left out.
Such a philosophical statement I propose to name philosophical consciencism
. (Nkrumah: 1964)
Literary strains of negritude and consciencism
in Joseph Brahim Seid: envisioning nation and a new multicultural Chadian identiy
authenticite of Mobutu [Zaire], negritude of Senghor [Senegal], Consciencism
of Nkrumah [Ghana], Ujamaa of Nyerere [Tanzania], Harambee of Kenyatta [Kenya], African Renaissance and Ubuntu of Mbeki [South Africa]) have hardly gone beyond the conceptual rhetoric fed by intellectuals and politicians (Soyinka, 1994b; Odhiambo, 2004).
(292) See GLAZER, supra note 1, at 41-42 (noting that the curriculum does not teach about the many diverse cultures in history but reinforces the notion of one, common, strong historical existence); see also LOEWEN, supra note 268, at 261 (noting that curricula are partly responsible for students' isolation in their own societies) (citing Kwame Nkrumah Consciencism
: Philosophy and Ideology for Decolonization, MONTHLY REV.
JOHN MCCLENDON, III, "Consciencism
: The Philosophy of Nkrumaism." Adviser: Ann Cudd, Julie Maybee.
Although Mamadou Dia allotted economic questions (praise of the cooperative movement) a major role, he could not help recalling the philosophical basis of his work and pointing to his sources of inspiration -- he drew from Muslim and Christian humanism, in addition to communitarian African traditions -- thus positioning himself nearer to Nkrumah's "Consciencism
" and the "triple heritage" dear to Mazrui.
Others again have lent their name to the promulgation of -isms in order to publicize their philosophy, like Mobutuism, Nkrumaism and Consciencism
, Moi's Nyanyo and Ojukwu's Ahiara Declaration.
Kofi Kissi Dompere, professor from Howard University, presented a conference paper, "The Theory of Categorical Conversion: Rational Foundations of Nkrumaism," based on his book, The Theory of Philosophical Consciencism
: Practical Foundations of Nkrumaism in Social Systemicity (2017).
His books, Toward Colonial Freedom; Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah; Africa Must Unite; Neo-colonialism the Last Stage of Imperialism; Consciencism
; Class Struggle in Africa, Revolutionary Path chronicle his personal intellectual and political journeys to consciousness and political activity, as well the depths of the challenges facing Africa.
: Philosophy and Ideology For Decolonisation And Development with Particular Reference to the Africa Revolution.
In the next section, Molefi Kete Asante, based on Consciencism
: Philosophy and Ideology for De-colonization and Development with Particular Reference to the African Revolution (Monthly Review Press, 1964) by Kwame Nkrumah, provides an Africentric examination of Kwame Nkrumah's personal philosophy (consciencism