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1. The act or an instance of refusing.
2. The opportunity or right to accept or reject something before it is offered elsewhere.


1. the act or an instance of refusing
2. the opportunity to reject or accept; option


(rɪˈfyu zəl)

1. an act or instance of refusing.
2. priority in refusing or taking something; option.



(See also REJECTION.)

no dice No, no way, nothing doing, absolutely not; a negative response or result. Although many tales surround the derivation of this expression, it is likely that since dice often implies luck, no dice simply implies no luck.

I was around at her bank this morning trying to find out what her balance was, but no dice. Fanny won’t part. (P. G. Wodehouse, Barmy in Wonderland, 1952)

no soap No; usually said in refusal or rejection. The origin of this expression is unknown, but it may have been originally used to refuse a bribe, since a slang meaning of soap is ‘bribe money.’

If you don’t know, just say, “No soap.” (Marks, Plastic Age, 1924)

thumbs down Disapproval, disapprobation, rejection. This expression refers to making a fist and extending the thumb downward, a gesture which, in the days of gladiatorial combats in ancient Rome, indicated that the spectators thought a defeated gladiator had fought poorly and, as a result, should be slain by the victor. The expression is commonly used figuratively as evidenced in a quote from bacteriologist Paul de Kruif (1890–1971), cited in Webster’s Third:

The government thumbs-down on penicillin for [treating] endocarditis was published.

See also thumbs up, APPROVAL.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.refusal - the act of refusingrefusal - the act of refusing      
denial - the act of refusing to comply (as with a request); "it resulted in a complete denial of his privileges"
repudiation - refusal to acknowledge or pay a debt or honor a contract (especially by public authorities); "the repudiation of the debt by the city"
prohibition - refusal to approve or assent to
2.refusal - a message refusing to accept something that is offered
subject matter, content, message, substance - what a communication that is about something is about
regrets, declination - a polite refusal of an invitation


noun rejection, denial, defiance, rebuff, knock-back (slang), thumbs down, repudiation, kick in the teeth (slang), negation, no a refusal of planning permission
first refusal option, choice, opportunity, consideration A tenant may have a right of first refusal if a property is offered for sale.


1. A negative response:
2. A turning down of a request:
synjun, neitun
kabul etmemeredret
sự từ chối


[rɪˈfjuːzəl] N
1.negativa f
she brushed aside my refusalshizo caso omiso de mis negativas
he didn't take her refusal seriouslyno tomó en serio su negativa
he was shot for his refusal to obey orderslo mataron de un tiro por negarse a obedecer órdenes
I'm giving you/you have first refusal (on the house)le daré/tendrá prioridad en la compra (de la casa)
a flat refusaluna negativa rotunda
her request met with a flat refusalsu solicitud fue rechazada de plano
2. [of application] → denegación f
3. (by horse) the horse had two refusalsel caballo se plantó dos veces


[rɪˈfjuːzəl] n
(= negative reply) → refus m
sb's refusal to do sth → le refus de qn de faire qch
(= option) to have first refusal on sth → avoir droit de préemption sur qch
to give sb first refusal → donner à qn un droit de préemption


Ablehnung f; (of offer)Ablehnung f, → Zurückweisung f; (of food, permission, visa, permit)Verweigerung f; (to do sth) → Weigerung f; her refusal (of the invitation)ihre Absage; to meet with a refusal, to get a refusaleine Absage erhalten; to give (somebody) a flat refusaljdm eine glatte Absage erteilen; to give somebody first refusal of somethingjdm etw zuerst or als Erstem anbieten; (with purchase) → jdm das Vorkaufsrecht an etw (dat)einräumen; to have (the) first refusal of somethingetw als Erster angeboten bekommen; right of first refusalVorkaufsrecht nt
(Showjumping) → Verweigerung f


[rɪˈfjuːzl] n refusal (to do)rifiuto (di or a fare)
to have first refusal on sth → avere il diritto d'opzione su qc


(rəˈfjuːz) verb
1. not to do what one has been asked, told or is expected to do. He refused to help me; She refused to believe what I said; When I asked him to leave, he refused.
2. not to accept. He refused my offer of help; They refused our invitation; She refused the money.
3. not to give (permission etc). I was refused admittance to the meeting.
reˈfusal noun
I was surprised at his refusal to help me; When we sent out the wedding invitations, we had several refusals.


رَفْض odmítnutí afslag Ablehnung άρνηση negativa kieltäytyminen refus odbijanje rifiuto 拒否 거절 weigering avslag odmowa recusa отказ vägran การปฏิเสธ ret sự từ chối 拒绝


n. rechazo, negación.
References in periodicals archive ?
(15) Government agencies could also improve enforcement of existing requirements, such as those around informed consent and the provision of emergency care, and could demand greater public disclosure of institutions' refusal policies (see "Delineating the Obligations That Come with Conscientious Refusal: A Question of Balance," Summer 2009 and "Provider Refusal and Access to Reproductive Health Services: Approaching a New Balance," Spring 2008).
In a recent article in the Journal of Medical Ethics, bioethicist Christian Munthe, of the University of Gothenburg, explains that "No legal right to conscientious refusal for any profession or class of professional tasks exists in Sweden, regardless of the religious or moral background of the objection." Swedes feel a strong commitment to civic duties and non-discrimination.
And it seems even the historic report that's been promised will allow for "conscientious refusal" by ministers who don't want to conduct the ceremonies.
Conscientious refusal was already a significant phenomenon in Israel's history.
It brings to light a shocking reality in Croatia: The practice of conscientious refusal has become a political tactic to undermine abortion access.
For example, the "Manhattan Declaration"--a 2009 manifesto of conservative Christian principles endorsed by Catholic and evangelical Protestant leaders as well as conservative political activists--is subtitled "A Call of Christian Conscience." The declaration asks Christians to unite across denominational lines in support of three central principles: "the sanctity of human life, the dignity of marriage as a union of husband and wife, and the freedom of conscience and religion." Alongside planks opposing abortion and same-sex marriage, the statement offers support for claims of conscientious refusal to be complicit in either one.
Conscientious refusal by physicians and pharmacists: Who is obligated to do what, and why?
Obstetrician-gynecologists' opinions about conscientious refusal of a request for abortion: results from a national vignette experiment.
(48) Professional ethics generally allow conscientious refusal, provided the physician informs patients of their options and refers them for care.
Balazs discusses issues related to civil disobedience and conscientious refusal, and shows how one of Israel's most notable Orthodox public intellectuals, Yeshayahu Leibowitz, a twentieth-century (1903-1994) Israeli public intellectual and a professor at Hebrew University (who taught biochemistry, neurophysiology, philosophy, and the history of science) approached the conflict of conscience and Jewish tradition.
He also said that his act of conscientious refusal is directly connected to the current situation and the army's acts in Gaza.
"Moral diversity among physicians and conscientious refusal of care in the provision of abortion services." J Am Med Women's Assoc 2003; 58:223-226.