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1. Friendly or cooperative association, as between groups or organizations.
2. Ecology A subdivision of an association having one dominant species of plant.
3. A political arrangement in which various groups, such as ethnic or racial populations within a country or region, share power according to an agreed formula or mechanism.

con·so′ci·a′tion·al adj.


(kənˌsoʊ siˈeɪ ʃən, -ʃi-)

1. the act of uniting in association.
2. an association of churches or religious orders.
3. a climax community in which one species is dominant.
[1585–95; < Latin]


 a confederation of churches or religious bodies; an alliance or confederation.
Examples: consociation of acts of providence, 1645; of churches, 1646; of many of the worst acts, 1649; of good spirits, 1656; of tribes for plunder or defence, 1804.
References in classic literature ?
One was the artist Holgrave, who, in spite of his consociation with reformers, and his other queer and questionable traits, continued to hold an elevated place in Hepzibah's regard.
Regrouping of Champion and Seth's Forest Classification: A forest type is a unit of vegetation representing a group of species associations and consociations occurring under a set of climatic conditions with distinct physiognomic features.
Neutrality as to the substance of speech and religion, and its various consociations with equality and individual choice, is thus a mainstay of the conventional account of the First Amendment.
He offered an approach on community based on utilitarian considerations and circumstantial consociations. After this structural interlude, ideological approaches became the central interest.
The (Not So) Gentle Civilizer of Consociations?: International Human Rights Law and the Challenges of Group Political Rights, McGill University.
(42.) See, e.g., CHRISTOPHER MCCRUDDEN & BRENDAN O'LEARY, COURTS AND CONSOCIATIONS: HUMAN RIGHTS VERSUS POWER-SHARING (2013) (criticizing the short and ambiguous argumentation of the court).
In his text On Toleration, he refers to five regimes of toleration--multinational empires, international society, consociations, nation-states and immigrant societies--that correspond to distinct approaches to coexistence in history.