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In addition to vowels, the English alphabet is also made up of consonants. While vowels represent open-mouthed speech sounds, consonants represent sounds that are made when part or all of the vocal tract is closed. Because they require a specific position of the lips, cheeks, tongue, etc., there is generally little to no difference in how consonants are pronounced between different speakers of English. (The pronunciation of vowels, on the other hand, can differ drastically depending on dialect).
There are 21 consonants: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, and Z.
1. Being in agreement or accord: remarks consonant with our own beliefs.
2. Corresponding or alike in sound, as words or syllables.
3. Harmonious in sound or tone.
1. A speech sound produced by a partial or complete obstruction of the air stream by any of various constrictions of the speech organs, such as (p), (f), (r), (w), and (h).
2. A letter or character representing such a speech sound.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin cōnsonāns, cōnsonant-, present participle of cōnsonāre, to agree : com-, com- + sonāre, to sound; see swen- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Grammar) a speech sound or letter of the alphabet other than a vowel; a stop, fricative, or continuant
1. (postpositive; foll by with or to) consistent; in agreement
2. harmonious in tone or sound
3. (Music, other) music characterized by the presence of a consonance
4. (Grammar) being or relating to a consonant
[C14: from Latin consonāns, from consonāre to sound at the same time, be in harmony, from sonāre to sound]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
con•so•nant(ˈkɒn sə nənt)
1. a speech sound produced by occluding (p, b, t, d, k, g), diverting (m, n, ng), or obstructing (f, v, s, z, etc.) the flow of air from the lungs (opposed to vowel).
2. a letter or other symbol representing or usu. representing a consonant sound.adj.
3. in accord: behavior consonant with his character.
4. corresponding in sound, as words.
5. pertaining to or being a musical consonance.
[1350–1400; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Latin consonant-, s. of consonāns, present participle of consonāre to sound with or together. See con-, sonant]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
A speech sound or letter representing one that is not a vowel and is pronounced by constriction, for example, “t.”
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
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|Noun||1.||consonant - a speech sound that is not a vowel|
speech sound, phone, sound - (phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language
alveolar, alveolar consonant, dental, dental consonant - a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth
aspirate - a consonant pronounced with aspiration
lingual - a consonant that is produced with the tongue and other speech organs
liquid - a frictionless continuant that is not a nasal consonant (especially `l' and `r')
geminate - a doubled or long consonant; "the `n' in `thinness' is a geminate"
velar, velar consonant - a consonant produced with the back of the tongue touching or near the soft palate
guttural, guttural consonant, pharyngeal, pharyngeal consonant - a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
|2.||consonant - a letter of the alphabet standing for a spoken consonant|
|Adj.||1.||consonant - involving or characterized by harmony|
harmonious - musically pleasing
|2.||consonant - in keeping; "salaries agreeable with current trends"; "plans conformable with your wishes"; "expressed views concordant with his background"|
consistent - (sometimes followed by `with') in agreement or consistent or reliable; "testimony consistent with the known facts"; "I have decided that the course of conduct which I am following is consistent with my sense of responsibility as president in time of war"- FDR
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
adjective in agreement, correspondent, consistent, compatible, in accordance, harmonious, concordant, congruous, according Their work is very much consonant with this way of thinking.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
1. In keeping with one's needs or expectations:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
حَرْف سَاكِنحَرْف ساكِن، حَرْف صامِت
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
n → consonne f
adj (formal) (= compatible) to be consonant with sth → être en accord avec qch
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
consonant[ˈkɒnsənənt] n → consonante f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
any letter of the alphabet except a, e, i, o, u which are vowels. medeklinker, konsonant حَرْف ساكِن، حَرْف صامِت съгласна consoante souhláska der Konsonant konsonant σύμφωνοconsonante konsonant حرف بی صدا konsonantti consonneעצור, עיצור व्यंजन suglasnik mássalhangzó konsonan samhljóði consonante 子音 자음 priebalsė, priebalsis līdzskanis konsonan medeklinkerkonsonantspółgłoska موافق، چپ يابې ږغه تورى consoante consoană согласная буква spoluhláska soglasnik suglasnik konsonant พยัญชนะ ünsüz 子音字母 приголосна літера; такий, що позначає приголосний звук حرف صحيح phụ âm 辅音字母
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
consonant→ حَرْف سَاكِن souhláska konsonant Konsonant σύμφωνο consonante konsonantti consonne suglasnik consonante 子音 자음 medeklinker konsonant spółgłoska consoante согласный konsonant ตัวพยัญชนะ ünsüz phụ âm 辅音
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009