(kən-stā′tĭv, kŏn′stə-)
Relating to or being an utterance that asserts or states something that can be judged as true or false, such as The cat is on the mat.
A constative utterance, such as an assertion.

[New Latin cōnstatīvus (translation of German konstatierend, present participle of konstatieren, to indicate as factual), from Latin cōnstāre, to stand firm, be fixed (influenced by third person sg. present tense cōnstat, it is manifest, it is a fact, and statīvus, stationary); see constant.]


(of a statement) able to be true or false(of the aorist tense) indicating that an action has occurred
a statement that can be either true or false


(kənˈsteɪ tɪv)
1. (of an utterance) making a statement that can be said to be true or false.
2. a constative utterance.
[1900–05; probably < French constat(er) to affirm, verify < Latin constat (it) is apparent <constāre; compare constant]
References in periodicals archive ?
Emotional expression has been defined as "a type of speech act different from both performative and constative utterances, which both describe (constative utterances) and change (performatives) the world, because emotional expression has both an explanatory and a self-altering effect on the activated thought material of emotion" (Reddy 2001, 128).
Recovering its holistic roots and assailing it with certain strands of philosophy or Bill Reddy's emotive (which holds that emotional utterances are both constative and performative, that they both describe and change the world: when 1 say "I am happy" I describe a state and exact a change on this state) allows us to move beyond the dichotomy.
As such, the correspondence between a signifier and its signified--the relative truth or falseness of a statement--cannot be judged in performative statements like it can in constative statements, or statements that describe reality.
Our need to rely on inferences or deductions rather than constative propositions is due to the fact that his short stories arise out of the decline of the realist bourgeois configuration of the novel as well as his own failed pursuit of the novelistic form.
Austin points out in his lecture series titled How to Do Things with Words that certain utterances, called "performatives," can entail action and not only record or describe action as constative or declarative sentences do.
Unfortunately, for Austin and for us, it is often assumed that this statement performs a constative speech act.
Isomorphic with the difference Matthiessen divined between the constative and optative moods of thought in postwar America's ancestor renaissance, The American Renaissance, (11) postwar identity does not--cannot--differentiate the labor of description and the affects of sociological expectation.
and in order to relate professing to an act of faith, which in turn relates to the structure of literary fiction that takes the form of a performative than a constative set of utterances, as well as to what he calls a "politics of the virtual.
If we take Derrida seriously, however, we will forego attempts to make this event "rigorously determined by way of constative statements.
34) As frozen texts, they inhabit a liminal zone between constative and performative speech: they describe a life in the past, while at the same time they attempt to conjure the life in their laconic distillation of significant details.
Fraenkel explains that Austin's differentiation between performative and constative utterances is in fact an impasse because it neglects the qualities of written utterances, limiting the act of enunciation to the present moment.
Moreover, Yurchak's study of Soviet authoritative discourse reveals an increasing imbalance between its performative dimension (ritualized participation in acts perpetuating discourse) and constative dimension (engagement with the meanings coded in said acts).