She covers population aging and international migration, ethnicity and race: from essentialism to constructionism
, literature on health inequalities, literature on health and social care, literature on social relations and caregiving, and a new agenda: where we are at and need to head for.
The complex structures and unexpected shapes are suggestive of Russian constructionism
, but the more interesting question is what is on the other side.
Crotty delineates four main epistemologies including positivism, objectivism, subjectivism and constructionism
. Positivism and objectivism share a basic assumption that there is only one truth in inquiry and the scientific method allows researchers to pinpoint this truth.
What is the link between learning by making and this idea of constructionism
basic assumption is that reality is socially constructed, and that its construction is rooted in language and discourse (Burr, 1995).
This study draws on the principles of social constructionism
to address this problem.
Engaging with literature on constructionism
, the author contends that a social ontology would act as "a philosophy for social science" (161).
There are two primary theories that have influenced approaches to family therapy: systems theory and social constructionism
. Systems theory is the basis of traditional family therapies, while social constructionism
also informs more contemporary, postmodern approaches to family counseling (Gehart, 2014; Ivey el al., 2012).
Papert an expert in the field of interaction design for children (IDC) expanded the idea of Piaget in his theory of "constructionism
" saying that children are best at learning when they construct public entities .
In turn, the second conceptualization of masculinity, social constructionism
, suggests that the defining characteristics of masculinity are socially ascribed (DeLamater & Hyde, 1998; Fee, 1992).