contact dermatitis

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contact dermatitis

n.
An acute or chronic skin inflammation resulting from contact with an irritating substance or allergen.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

contact dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin due to irritants or allergic reaction. Irritants can be chemicals, metals, certain plants, or drugs. Symptoms can vary in severity from itching to cracks and bleeding.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.contact dermatitis - a delayed type of allergic reaction of the skin resulting from skin contact with a specific allergen (such as poison ivy)
bubble gum dermatitis - an allergic contact dermatitis developed around the lips of children who chew bubble gum
Rhus dermatitis - contact dermatitis resulting from contact with plants of the genus Toxicodendron
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Immediate contact hypersensitivity reactions developed to the cream (wheal 7 x 6 mm, flare 20 x 25 mm) and to TCD 0.25% aq.
The clinical manifestations of contact hypersensitivity in the mouth vary from subjective difficulties like burning, pain and dryness of the mucosa (burning mouth syndrome) to objective changes within the form of nonspecific stomatitis and cheilitis with reddish, edematous mucosae, erosions and ulcers (1, 79, 80).
Since ACD is a prototype of the cutaneous immune response, and the murine model of ACD, which is called contact hypersensitivity (CHS), (5) is easily induced, a number of studies have been performed to determine its mechanisms, especially in the sensitization phase.
The relative importance of various environmental exposures to nickel in causing contact hypersensitivity. Acta Derm Venereol.
Grape-seed proanthocyanidins ameliorate contact hypersensitivity induced by 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)and inhibit T cell proliferation in vitro.
"The regulatory CD4-positive CD25-positive T cells ([T.sub.reg]) modulate nickel sensitivity in humans, and topical application of calcipotriol induces [T.sub.reg] cells to prevent both the induction and elicitation of contact hypersensitivity in mice.
The first case of contact hypersensitivity to parthenium in India was recorded from Pune in 196814Paraphenyldiamine is found in hair dyes, fur dyes, leather processing, rubber vulcanizing, printing, photography work, and X ray fluids.
Studies on ACD can be conducted by the experimental model of contact hypersensitivity (CHS) in mice.
Additionally, topical application of 1-3 ppm avenanthramides mitigated inflammation in murine models of contact hypersensitivity and neurogenic inflammation and reduced pruritogen-induced scratching in a murine itch model.
Researchers induced contact hypersensitivity reaction with oxazolone, a chemical allergen used for immunological experiments and found that bortezomib significantly inhibited the contact hypersensitivity responses.
Langerhans cells beta 2-adrenoceptors: role in migration, cytokine production, Th priming and contact hypersensitivity. J Neuroimmunol, 2003: 144: 9199.
Five earlier safety studies involving a total of 667 patients showed no phototoxicity, contact hypersensitivity, irritation, photoallergic response, or sensitization.