Hotline to contact language
speaking staff: Kannada- 9823672371, Telugu- 9808082292, Tamil- 9808500642, Malayalam- 9808500644.
The third, based on evidence from the Pacific,1 posits that substrate influence took place during nativization of an extraterritorial contact language
. The remaining sections outline the motivations, aims, structure, and findings of the volume, and discuss the notion of Sprachbund.
In short, an ELF context is any communicative situation in which speakers from two or more linguacultural backgrounds use English as a contact language
. Research into ELF communication focuses on the language forms (which tended to be the basis of earlier research in the field) and the pragmatics of ELF interactions, with more recent work predominantly interested in understanding the communicative strategies of speakers engaged in ELF communication.
We did not have a fixed plan to follow; on the contrary, since our main concern was to contact language
teachers from rural areas we decided to be as flexible as possible in terms of the procedures we should follow to collect data from them.
In the first step, we must corroborate if an analogous structure exists in the contact language
. This is problematic since we must first determine the contact language
Hindustani, as a contact language
, was also in frequent use particularly in public life, in urban areas.
For more information, contact Language
Networks for Excellence on 01902 518909.
Most of the tribal children become bilingual when they come in contact with speakers of the contact language
, either through social interaction that comes with increasing mobility or through schooling in which they are forced to sink or swim in a classroom that uses the dominant contact language
With the help of an informant fluent in the language and in a contact language
- Tok Pisin in my case - the researcher will set out to painstakingly write down the text, word for word, as dictated by the assistant.