In my column on April 23, 2017, I wrote that, after decades of negotiations, the Philippines was recognized as an integrated 'archipelagic state' entitled to the 12-nautical-mile (NM) territorial sea, 24 NM contiguous zone
(CZ), 200 NW exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and 350 NM extended continental shelf (ECS).
A state's territorial waters reaches up to 12 nautical miles, while a "contiguous zone
" in which a state can enforce limited control for the purpose of preventing "infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws and regulations" can be set to up to 24 nautical miles.
Article 21 of UNCLOS states that "[t]he territorial sea, the contiguous zone
, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf of an island are determined in accordance with the provisions of this Convention applicable to other land territory.
All maritime related activities including infrastructure development can be conducted on the sea and along the coast within the legally demarcated classification of the maritime zones: baseline (starting point), internal waters, territorial waters (up to 12 nautical miles from baseline), contiguous zone
(up to 24 nautical miles), Exclusive Economic Zone (up to 200 nautical miles from baseline).
The joint mine warfare exercise, held with the support of Standing NATO Mine Countermeasures Group 2 (SNMCMG2) is set to be conducted from 9 to 17 November, at the polygons in the territorial sea and the contiguous zone
of the Republic of Bulgaria, reportsA BulgarianMilitary.com
Maritime claims - contiguous zone
2018 Country Ranks
Article 121, Regime of Islands, expressly provides in Paragraph 2 that "the territorial sea, contiguous zone
, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf of an island are determined in accordance with the provisions of the Convention applicable to other land territory".
TOKYO, Jan 15 (KUNA) -- Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera on Monday expressed grave concern over recent entry of a Chinese nuclear submarine into Japan's contiguous zone
near disputed islands in the East China Sea.
The blockade would be broken up into what we call "at-sea zones": Likely a green zone more than 500 miles (805km) from the Korean Peninsula; a yellow zone from 200 nautical miles (370km) off the North Korean coast out to 500 nautical miles; and a red zone consisting of the sovereign waters of North Korea - a 12-nautical-mile territorial area, a 24-nautical-mile contiguous zone
, and then a 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone.
They address the interpretation and application of the UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea) and sustainability of the contiguous zone
; sustainable fishery management in the South China Sea and in terms of monitoring technology; non-living resources development and environment protection, with reference to offshore oil and gas operations, the delimitation of exclusive economic zone boundaries and continental shelf boundaries, and seabed activities in the South China Sea; the management of marine protected areas and the conservation of marine biological resources in areas beyond national jurisdiction, including an ecosystem approach; and climate change and energy security, including marine renewable energy.
The two ships were among 13 Chinese coastguard ships in a contiguous zone
off the Japanese-administered Senkaku Islands.
This was the first time a Chinese frigate has entered the contiguous zone
, Yoshitomo Morii said to reporters.A Japanese Navy destroyer detected the Chinese ship as it entered the contiguous zone
-- an area stretching 24 nautical miles out from the edge of territorial waters -- around the Senkaku, also known as Diaoyu, islands, at 12.50 a.m.