contrabass

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con·tra·bass

 (kŏn′trə-bās′)
adj.
Pitched an octave below the normal bass range.

[Obsolete Italian contrabasso : Italian contra-, against (from Latin contrā-; see contra-) + Italian basso, bass (from Medieval Latin bassus, low).]

con′tra·bass′ist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

contrabass

(ˌkɒntrəˈbeɪs)
n
1. (Instruments) a member of any of various families of musical instruments that is lower in pitch than the bass
2. (Instruments) another name for double bass
adj
(Instruments) of or denoting the instrument of a family that is lower than the bass
contrabassist n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

con•tra•bass

(ˈkɒn trəˌbeɪs)

n. adj.
2. pitched an octave below the bass in a family of instruments.
[1590–1600; < Italian contrabbasso=contra- contra-2 + basso bass1]
con′tra•bass`ist (-ˌbeɪ sɪst, -ˌbæs ɪst) n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.contrabass - largest and lowest member of the violin familycontrabass - largest and lowest member of the violin family
bass - the member with the lowest range of a family of musical instruments
bowed stringed instrument, string - stringed instruments that are played with a bow; "the strings played superlatively well"
Adj.1.contrabass - pitched an octave below normal bass instrumental or vocal range; "contrabass or double-bass clarinet"
low-pitched, low - used of sounds and voices; low in pitch or frequency
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

contrabass

[ˌkɒntrəˈbeɪs] Ncontrabajo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(According to my reckoning, the following played: 4 first violins, 2 seconds, 2 violas, 2 violincellos and 2 contrabasses, and one each of flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, trumpet.
Sometime in the 19th century, some enterprising soul realized that mandolins could be built in different sizes and grouped just like bowed string instruments: mandolinas for violas, mandocellos for cellos, mandobasses for contrabasses. Thus was born the mandolin orchestra, Jewish versions of which quickly sprang up across Europe and North America, their mostly amateur members furiously picking away in a mass of quivering, shimmering tremolos.