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Any of various theories that justify moral principles or political arrangements by appealing to a social contract that is voluntarily committed to under ideal conditions for such commitment. Also called contractualism.

con′trac·tar′i·an adj.
con′trac·tar′i·an·ist adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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Hayek adopts a variant of Kantian contractarianism in The Mirage of Social Justice (1978), despite the fact that in The Constitution of Liberty ([1960] 2011) he criticizes the social contract tradition as rationalistic, claiming that civil society was not "formed by some wise original legislator or an original 'social contract'" (112).
James Buchanan's contractarianism may illuminate the problem under investigation.
In the large majority of the book, Murray applies his contractarianism, taking distinctive positions on a wide range of issues in applied ethics.
Whereas contractarianism is so far intra-state (the UN having sadly being reduced to insignificance), terrorism also concerns inter-state or inter-communal entanglements of international right relevance.
Klarman does not address the possible roles of different theories such as liberalism, republicanism, or contractarianism, or different understandings of federalism.
A study of this alliance in light of the philosophy of social contractarianism shows that it represents a form of the social contract described for the first time by Thomas Hobbes in his Leviathan.
Along the way, McCloskey takes aim at ethical systems, specifically Kantianism, utilitarianism, and contractarianism, which reduce morality to one simple rule.
Hegel launches over a century of theorists rejecting contractarianism, from Marx to Heidegger, and others of all and sundry outlooks, all stridently rejecting the contractualist assumption of divorcing legal legitimacy from substantive justice--thereby, in an important sense, returning to the postures of Plato and Aristotle.
My argument is threefold: (i) Narveson's version of contractarianism can be interpreted in a way consistent with the pro-life perspective; (ii) Narveson's own understanding of his social contract produces a result that is implausible and even repellent; and (iii) even if his contractarianism did imply a unique, aggressively pro-choice stance on abortion, there are competing libertarian theories that are receptive to pro-life views.
at 23 (citing Jean Braucher, Contract Versus Contractarianism: The Regulatory Role of Contract Law, 47 Wash.
Part I explains the transition from Berle and Means's trust paradigm, to the rise of contractarianism, to the eventual counterreaction against contractarianism.