The climate radiative effects of contrails
are determined by the background radiation field and the contrail
coverage, lifetime, temperature ([T.sub.con]), contrail
optical depth (COD), contrail
particle shape, and ice crystal effective diameter ([D.sub.E]).
Scientists have known about the greenhouse effect of contrail
cirrus for years-in fact, there's an entire niche field of research devoted to it.
56th Fighter Wing senior leadership reviewed the training tapes from the flight and confirmed that F-35s conducting standard fighter training maneuvers Tuesday afternoon in the Gladden and Bagdad military operating airspace resulted in the creation of the contrails
. There was no nefarious or inappropriate behavior during the training flight," Rebecca Heyse, chief of public affairs for the 56th Fighter Wing at Luke, said in a statement.
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Aero Engine Craft is working on the development of a contrail-free aeroengine that can reduce aviation-induced global warming through the prevention of contrail
formation during cruise flights.
That's where Diemer observed his own contrail
. He wasn't sure what caused the phenomena, but he documented it in his record of the flight, providing one of the earliest accounts from nearly a century ago.
In spring 2014, HALO performed 16 flights above Europe with a focus on anthropogenic contrail
cirrus and midlatitude cirrus induced by frontal systems including warm conveyor belts and other dynamical regimes (jet streams, mountain waves, and convection).
is a special kind of cloud, caused by the aircraft engine emissions from the exhaust gas mixed with the surrounding air and the condensation of water vapor.
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