And second that the convergent thinking
, on the other hand, is a process whereby one possible solution for a particular problem is generated.
We're talking about leadership that strives to be pioneering, that has a cadence for all things experiential, a bottom-up approach that balances and intersects with analytical convergent thinking
, lateral divergent thinking, critical thinking and creative thinking.
The tasks assessed their convergent thinking
(the identification of a single solution to a problem), their fluid intelligence (the capacity to reason and solve new problems) and their divergent thinking (the ability to recognise many possible solutions).
The process of creativity requires an open-mind and curiosity for generation of new ideas (divergent thinking or analysis) and then combining these ideas into beneficial result (convergent thinking
Drawing on logic, systemic reasoning and imagination to explore the possibilities, design thinking approaches creativity from a different angle -- by cycling between divergent and convergent thinking
. This means building up as many solution-focused ideas as possible, and then narrowing the decision of how best to move forward.
A third study measured the effects of different types of meditation on divergent and convergent thinking
, two opposite ways of thinking that are often compared in creativity research.
The opposite of divergent thinking is convergent thinking
. Convergent thinking
is the cognitive process of generating the single, correct idea or solution to a problem through eliminating and filtering out information (Kraft, 2005).
While divergent thinking involves producing multiple answers from available information, according to the authors, convergent thinking
emphasizes on accuracy and logic.
Goodwin and Miller (2013) summarize what many have since reported, that creativity is a dual process that entails both the generation of alternative ideas through divergent thinking and the subsequent evaluation and selection of best options through the accuracy and logic of "convergent thinking
." Goodwin and Miller (2013) emphasize that the latter stage of analytic thinking should not be allowed to inhibit or prematurely shut down the prior stage of novel generative thinking.
Cho [24, 30] proposed six attributes of creative problem-solving ability: divergent thinking; convergent thinking
; motivation; general knowledge and skills; domain-specific knowledge and skills; and environment, in her Dynamic System Model of Creative Problem-Solving Ability, which was based upon Csikszentmihalyi's  complex model of creativity and Urban's  Componential Model of Creativity.
A narrowing of expertise leads to convergent thinking
; we ought to think divergently (Markides, 2013).
Then we move on to convergent thinking
. A problem is shown on screen with three elements.