Recently, hysteria has surfaced onscreen in films including Alice Winocour's Augustine (2012), David Cronenberg's A Dangerous Method (2011), and Tanya Wexler's Hysteria (2011); onstage in Sarah Ruhl's 2009 Pulitzer-nominated In the Next Room (or The Vibrator Play) and a 2013 London revival of Terry Johnson's Hysteria, first produced in 1993 (Spencer); in the widespread media coverage of a late 2012 outbreak of mass conversion disorder
among female high school students in Le Roy, New York (Dominus); and in an Amazon-produced television series inspired by the Le Roy case--Hysteria (2014)--which premiered, auspiciously, as the editors were compiling this issue.
In dissociative disorder which occurs in relation with trauma, conversion disorder
and conversive fainting are also observed frequently.
After the Golden Age, other "spectacular" syndromes depicted in mental health pictures and popular genres included: conversion disorder
("Freud," 1962); multiple personality disorder ("The Three Faces of Eve," 1957); dissociative disorder ("The Swimmer, 1968"); erotomania/de Clerambault's syndrome ("Fatal Attraction," 1987; "The Story of Adele H," 1975); alcoholic hallucinosis and delirium tremens ("The Lost Weekend," 1945); acute schizophrenia ("The Snake Pit," 1948); and compulsive gambling ("The Lady Gambles," 1949; "California Split," 1974).
18] The prominence of psychiatric symptoms often leads to a misdiagnosis of conversion disorder
The IPC said it was only in late 2012 that doctors diagnosed the cyclist with Conversion Disorder
-- a psychiatric condition that can cause neurological symptoms such as numbness, blindness, paralysis or fits without any apparent organic cause.
While partial seizures and complicated migraine are the most common and important TIA/stroke mimics, on occasion panic attacks, conversion disorder
, vertigo, and syncope can also be confused with TIA.
Comparing symptoms conveyed by conversion disorder
patients and those produced by "paralysis" suggestions in hypnosis, also revealed similar patterns of brain activation associated with attempted movement of the affected limb.
Some doctors believed they were victims of conversion disorder
, where real physical symptoms - in this case tics - are triggered not by a physical cause, but by psychological trauma.
But all the tests came back normal, and doctors now say the students are most likely suffering from conversion disorder
- a type of mass hysteria.
Beyond "somatoform disorder," the medical terms with somatoform components include, but are by no means limited to, conversion disorder
, (28) psychosomatic disorder, (29) psychophysiologic disorder, (30) psychogenic disorder, (31) pseudoneurological disorder, (32) and hysteria.
Possible psychological mechanisms underlying these phenomena are then discussed, with particular emphasis on the nature of compartmentalization in conversion disorder
, hypnosis, dissociative amnesia and dissociative identity disorder.
presents with sensory and/or motor impairments suggesting neurological or medical conditions, but without substantiated organic evidence (Miller 2002).