(16) The rising and vocal clamour to be free of convictism
could never cleanse the stain from places where government and assigned convicts had laboured, in the streets of Hoddle's grid, the sculleries of the gentry, the town or suburban blocks at Heidelberg and South Yarra, or on outstations across the district.
Approaches to the archaeology of convictism
have been subject to shifting interests, sometimes as a result of dialogues taking place within allied disciplines, but also as a result of opportunities to access relevant sites which have emerged as a result of commercial archaeological mitigation work.
The terms of reference for reflections on convictism
originated in the early-nineteenth century, when the scornful opinions which British employers maintained of the working classes were hardened with respect to those who, on account of their criminality, were considered the refuse of their class.
Other topics include convictism
, bushrangers, Australian Rules football, compulsory voting, republicanism, multiculturalism and whether Curtin was our greatest prime minister.
On the first view, the CPA is simply a continuation of native Australian working-class radicalism, with roots in convictism
, in the early unions and bodies like the Industrial Workers of the World.
Living in a dominion of the British empire, settler Australians are caught in an invidious colonial position: an unwanted offspring of the mother country (tainted by convictism
), the settler 'cannot claim the same rights to the land' that the decimated indigenous people do, but neither can the settler resolve this alienated belonging through an outdated wish to be repatriated back 'home' to Great Britain, the country that exiled the first settlers to a penal colony in the Antipodes.
(20) Marsden's letter is unable to maintain the fiction that genteel family life is separate and apart from what should be normatively out of sight; her euphemism "proper servants" betrays domestic relations as inextricably entangled with convictism
The development of a patriarchal society in Australia that evolved out of convictism
and the need for men to depend upon each other in the absence of women (Dixson 81; Ward 100) is a central component of this discourse of masculinity.
"'Deliver Their Land from Error's Chain': Conversion, Convictism
and Captivity in Australian Fiction." In Mapping the Sacred: Religion, Geography and Postcolonial Literature, ed.
New Zealanders lacked the taint of convictism
, they were moulded by a vigorous, cooler climate, and they enjoyed relations with a superior type of `native'.
Being Irish and bearing the taint of convictism
, the Kelly family, like many others with similar backgrounds, lived on the fringe of a society whose economy and legal system were controlled by the British.
Archaeologies of the post-1788 period have tended to focus on historical themes such as convictism
, colonial-Indigenous encounter, founding manufacturing industries (e.g.