Bit by bit and year by year, the leaders of the Truman administration created "situations of strength." They revitalized Europe with the Marshall Plan, built NATO, brought Japan into the greater American coprosperity
sphere, and generally ensured that in the age of industrial warfare, the key centers of industrial power outside the Soviet Union were aligned with the United States.
Addressing a seminar on "Journey to Peace and CoProsperity
: The United Nations, Pakistan and the Republic of Korea", at the Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad (ISSI), with the collaboration of the Embassy of Republic of Korea, he said Pakistan's position on Kashmir was grounded in the legitimacy of the role of the UN and its resolutions on that issue.
Three concepts have shaped the discourse on East Asia: Sinocentrism (China-centered); the Greater East Asian Coprosperity
Sphere (Japan-centered), which was widely used from the late 1930s to the World War II surrender of Japan on August 15, 1945; and the East Asian Cold War system (US-centered).
''The clearer the need of cooperation becomes, the more likely, I believe, there will also be a new approach to overcome difficult problems,'' the professor said, suggesting that leaders of the two countries come to grips with issues of the past, the present and the future in a comprehensive manner for coprosperity
and stability in the region.
Japan's invasion of China first in 1895 and then again in the early twentieth century under the banner of the "Greater East Asian Coprosperity
Sphere" could be viewed as following the dictate of this tenet, duplicating Western modernity in imposing its own reason on what it deemed as unreason.
For example, Imperial Japan's conquests under the euphemistic "coprosperity
sphere" were driven mainly by fear of losing raw material supplies for its industrial establishment.
In 1994, Chalmers Johnson, president of the Japan Policy Research Institute, observed: "I believe Japanese officials and the mass media are preparing the public for disengagement from the United States in favor of the United Nations and Asia...Japan's beginning to find its place in Asia and its talk of Greater East Asian Coprosperity
Sphere--not built at the point of bayonet but on true prosperity--is as idealistic as the European Union."  Anger over perceived U.S.
The object of the plan--and of the November "peace proposal," which was a disguised ultimatum that would be read as such by the Japanese but not by the American public--was to leave the Japanese a Hobson's choice: either to surrender all their objectives, including the coprosperity
sphere, in the Pacific or to attack the United States.
''We must promote, on a basis of sincerity and parity, mutual benefit and coprosperity
, expand negotiations and exchange in a bid to build normalized relations,'' he said.
Victor Koschmann traces Japanese attempt to establish the greater East Asia coprosperity
sphere to the ideological debate over Asianism within prewar Japan.
Its historical precedent goes back to the "Greater East Asia Coprosperity
Sphere" created by imperialist Japan during World War II.
Yet, barely 20 years after the end of that Great War, Germany had invaded neighboring countries and in Asia, the Japanese Imperial Army had massacred thousands in China and was marching on to create a Greater East Asia CoProsperity