complementary DNA

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complementary DNA

n. Abbr. cDNA
Single-stranded DNA synthesized in the laboratory using messenger RNA as a template and the enzyme reverse transcriptase.

complementary DNA

n
(Genetics) a form of DNA artificially synthesized from a messenger RNA template and used in genetic engineering to produce gene clones. Abbreviation: cDNA
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.complementary DNA - single-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA or DNA that has been synthesized from messenger RNA by reverse transcriptase
provirus - cDNA copy of the RNA genome of a retrovirus; the genetic material of a virus as incorporated into and able to replicate with the genome of a host cell
dscDNA - double-stranded cDNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
Translations
ADN complémentaire
References in periodicals archive ?
Parking dead Cas9 on a gene is enough to nudge down the volume of some genes' activity by blocking the proteins that copy DNA into RNA, the researchers found.
3) The basis of all PCR assays is the biochemical interaction between key components of the reaction (template, primers, nucleotide, and polymerase) during repeated cycles of denaturation, priming, j and extension (thermocycling) to rapidly and reliably copy DNA.
The team was able to copy DNA from the transposons of interest, which have just three different genetic code letters than other look-alike DNA segments.
However, as a precautionary measure the Crown Prosecution Service are currently reviewing the pending cases in which low copy DNA profiling is to form part of the prosecution case to see whether any may be affected.