For more than 100 years, the Copyhold
Works of the Fuller's Earth Union Ltd extracted the grey, mineral-rich clay known as "fuller's earth" and sold it on to a range of sectors from the wool trade to the oil industry.
seventeenth century, 1/3 of all English land was held by copyhold
From this position, Bailey reviews evidence for the decline in personal serfdom in the century and a half after the Black Death, seeking to provide a more satisfactory understanding of the link between medieval villein tenure and early modern copyhold
. Bailey begins with a seemingly encyclopaedic chapter of servile incidents by which serfdom can be defined and discerned in the available source materials.
In 1790, the will of Arthur Whiter, butcher, mentions his copyhold
estate in the manor of 'Hayley near Witney in the County of Oxford', demonstrating connections between Brightwalton and the better-known morris heartlands of Wychwood Forest.
32), section 1; the 1874 Building Society act stated that a Building Society was 'for the purpose of raising by the subscriptions of the members a stock or fund for making advances to members out of the funds of the society upon security of freehold, copyhold
, or leasehold estate, by way of mortgage': An act to consolidate and amend the laws relating to Building Societies 1874 (37&38 Vict., c.
Under the feudal system, the Lord of the Manor owned all of the land, and the people who lived on and farmed the land derived their title from the Lord in copyhold
, essentially a copy of the Lord''s title with their interest noted.
the use of such expressions as freehold, copyhold
, or leasehold tenure, tenancy at will, fief-holding, etc., all of which belong to a system of land tenure which, though it may in some respects present curious analogies with some of the Nigerian customs, has a peculiar and wholly different history.
Manwaring esq." purchased "two copyhold
estates," the family's home was in Edstaston Hall in the manor of Wem, "a large timber house" which a "George Manwaring" inherited on April 29, 1591, together with "the estate above the Chettal Wood." (15) This may be a likely identification, since Anthony Sherley's wife, Frances Vernon, the Earl of Essex's cousin, was also from Shropshire, from the parish of Hodnet, which is only seven miles from Wem, and George Manwaring was her kinsman.
Were the case but for a small copyhold
, you would have witnesses or good proof to lead the jury to a verdict; and I am here for my life!" William O.
His introductory section on manorial culture explains the three main forms of land tenure at the time: freehold, copyhold
, and leasehold.
(32) Furthermore the manor court retained a prominent role for the administration of copyhold
When, nevertheless, transactions in land--surrender and admission to copyhold
land--were expected (and so some mechanism must have been involved to signal this prospect), the court baron was presided over by the local gentry in their delegated capacity, Skipwith and Belgrave by letters of attorney or commission from the lord.