--The body mass of the bank vole is best correlated with three mandibular characters--total length of mandible at processus articularis excluding incisors, length of mandible excluding incisors, and maximum height of mandible excluding coronoid
process, and three maxillary characters--zygomatic skull width, length of cranial (upper) diastema, and length of foramen incisivum.
The radial head may be considered as a multifunctional conjoint stabilizer of the elbow because it serves to check instability in three planes: the coronal plane as it works with the medial collateral ligament to prevent valgus instability; the saggital plane as it works mainly with the posterolateral ligamentous structures, the coronoid
process and the medial ligaments to prevent posterior dislocation; and in the axial plane as it works with the interosseous membrane to prevent the shaft of the radius riding up.
Radiographs of the elbow showed osteophytes at the postero-medial aspect and tip of the olecranon, and anteriorly at the coronoid
Morphologies associated with myrmecophagy include a more robust skull, a larger and taller coronoid
process with a larger posterior area, longer epipterygoid and mandible, greater number of teeth, and a taller and wider head that corresponds to greater bite force (Montanucci, 1989; Meyers et al., 2006).
This condyloid process has a head and a neck, but then joins with the mandibular notch as it extends anteriorly to unite with the coronoid
Rottweilers appear to have an increased susceptibility to OCD of the elbow, plus a condition called ununited coronoid
* Remember these normal anatomical alignments within the elbow, and use them to compare the injured and noninjured elbow: Baumann's angle, anterior humeral line, lateral capitellar angle, coronoid
process, and radiocapitellar line.
Only the right side condyle, coronoid
process and angle of the mandible were preserved (figure 1).
The panoramic radiograph depicted a radiolucent, poorly circumscribed expansile mass extending from the distal left mandibular first premolar and beyond the unerupted mandibular third molar into the ramus, angle, and coronoid
process, measuring 4.0 x 3.0 x 2.5 cm (Figure 1).
The splenial appears to be fused with the dentary in all specimens, and does not extend posteriorly beyond the apex of the coronoid
in specimens where this character can be evaluated.