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Any of the steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex or their synthetic equivalents, including the glucocorticoids, such as cortisol, and the mineralocorticoids, such as aldosterone. Also called adrenocorticosteroid.
1. (Biochemistry) any steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that affects carbohydrate, protein, and electrolyte metabolism, gonad function, and immune response
2. (Pharmacology) any similar synthetic substance, used in treating inflammatory and allergic diseases
cor•ti•co•ster•oid(ˌkɔr tɪ koʊˈstɛr ɔɪd, -ˈstɪər-)
1. any of a class of steroid hormones formed in the cortex of the adrenal gland and having antiinflammatory properties.
2. any chemically similar synthesized hormone.Also called cor•ti•coid (ˈkɔr tɪˌkɔɪd)
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|Noun||1.||corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response; "adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"|
sex hormone, steroid hormone, steroid - any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
mineralocorticoid - hormone that is one of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences the metabolism of sodium and potassium
glucocorticoid - a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
Cortef, cortisol, hydrocortisone, Hydrocortone - an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
cortisone, Cortone Acetate - a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
Decadron, dexamethasone, Dexamethasone Intensol, Dexone, Hexadrol, Oradexon - a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
Aldactone, spironolactone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension