corticosteroid


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cor·ti·co·ste·roid

 (kôr′tĭ-kō-stĕr′oid′,-stîr′-)
n.
Any of the steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex or their synthetic equivalents, including the glucocorticoids, such as cortisol, and the mineralocorticoids, such as aldosterone. Also called adrenocorticosteroid.

corticosteroid

(ˌkɔːtɪkəʊˈstɪərɔɪd) or

corticoid

n
1. (Biochemistry) any steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that affects carbohydrate, protein, and electrolyte metabolism, gonad function, and immune response
2. (Pharmacology) any similar synthetic substance, used in treating inflammatory and allergic diseases

cor•ti•co•ster•oid

(ˌkɔr tɪ koʊˈstɛr ɔɪd, -ˈstɪər-)

n.
1. any of a class of steroid hormones formed in the cortex of the adrenal gland and having antiinflammatory properties.
2. any chemically similar synthesized hormone.
Also called cor•ti•coid (ˈkɔr tɪˌkɔɪd)
[1940–45]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesizedcorticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response; "adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"
sex hormone, steroid hormone, steroid - any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
mineralocorticoid - hormone that is one of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences the metabolism of sodium and potassium
glucocorticoid - a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
Cortef, cortisol, hydrocortisone, Hydrocortone - an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
cortisone, Cortone Acetate - a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
Decadron, dexamethasone, Dexamethasone Intensol, Dexone, Hexadrol, Oradexon - a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
Aldactone, spironolactone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
Aristocort, Aristopak, Kenalog, triamcinolone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
Translations
corticostéroïde

corticosteroid

n corticosteroide or corticoesteroide m
References in periodicals archive ?
TORONTO -- Eight physical therapy sessions over 4-6 weeks in patients with knee osteoarthritis provided significantly greater and longer-lasting improvements in both pain and function than an intra-articular corticosteroid injection in a randomized, multicenter trial with 12 months of prospective, blinded follow-up, Daniel I.
Sanofi announced that the European Commission has approved Dupixent for use in adults and adolescents 12 years and older as an add-on maintenance treatment for severe asthma with type 2 inflammation characterized by raised blood eosinophils and/or raised fractional exhaled nitric oxide, who are inadequately controlled with high dose inhaled corticosteroid plus another medicinal product for maintenance treatment.
Predicting how people will respond to corticosteroid therapy could significantly reduce the suffering of many patients, Wenzel said.
Keywords: Knee, Osteoarthritis, Corticosteroid injections, Streptomycin, Lignocaine.
Objective: To compare the intra-articular corticosteroid versus physiotherapy in the management of adhesive capsulitis in terms of mean pain score.
Adjunctive corticosteroid therapy may decrease the severity of inflammation and prevent disease exacerbation after the initiation of antibiotic treatment, commonly termed the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction.
Data Sources: For the purpose of collecting potentially eligible articles, we searched for articles in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and CNKI databases up to February 2017, using the following key words: 'corticosteroid', 'osteonecrosis of the femoral head', 'risk factors', 'diagnosis', 'prognosis', and 'treatment'.
The effects of corticosteroid treatments on pregnant women facing preterm delivery to prevent infant death and morbidity have been thought to develop gradually over days.
A sixty-year-old right hand dominant woman with long-standing left basal joint arthritis and right small trigger finger presented for corticosteroid injections to both areas.
Antenatal corticosteroid treatment prior to preterm birth is the most important pharmacologic intervention available to obstetricians to improve newborn health.
Patients most often had tried a topical antipruritic, astringent, or low-potency corticosteroid before seeking care.