The handful of tenors capable of singing this role have all been white and all "blacked up," although that term may be even more imprecise here than usual: photographs of Ramon Vinay or Mario del Monaco or Jon Vickers or Placido Domingo, the greatest Otellos of recent memory, show them cosmeticized
for the role to a dusky hue, looking far more like Barbary pirates than anything remotely sub-Saharan.
Most of them are 'luxury' loans (5), devoid of any objective motivations and sometimes seven lacking semantic precision, but "cosmeticized
" by the prestigious connotations associated with the foreign term.
'Securitization pools' were common accounts banks created with this kind of credit cosmeticized
to look like money.
And yet Bosola views cosmeticized
women as deceivers (2.1.25-31).
That is, even the most aestheticized, politicized, cosmeticized
, pharmacologized, and bureaucratized of humankind all ultimately started from, are containers for, and will turn back into, worms--if they weren't already in the first place: "Ev'n Button's Wits to Worms shall turn, / Who Maggots were before" (39-40).
Thus, while race (and gender) is fetishized and cosmeticized
in this future, racial differences cannot be organized into a stable system of oppression because they are malleable and in flux.
Although his first feature as an adult, The Element of Crime (a mournful noir without the snappy dialogue or erotic charge), and his fourth, Europa (a parable of postwar guilt set in Germany, year zero), each won the Technical Prize at the Cannes Film Festival for their atmospherics, he really became known as one of the two guys behind the Dogme '95 manifesto, a canny little act of provocation that decried the way "the movie had been cosmeticized
to death." The manifesto announced adherence to a filmmaker's "Vow of Chastity" in the service of an ever rarer emotional honesty and directness: films had to be shot on location, with synchronized sound; music was disallowed unless it occurred in the actual filming of a scene; period pictures were forbidden; and so forth.
Attention to the dynamic of this rebellion can help deconstruct the mechanism that undermines the rule of capital, which is then restored by a cosmeticized
and highly problematic reconciliation at the end of the fill.
Here we encounter various discourses of film that mark out cultural boundaries through a series of oppositions: that "art" film is in conflict with commercial forces, that European film struggles against American dominance, that "serious" film festivals are opposed to the cosmeticized
industries of tourism and a service economy.
"Dancer in the Dark" is a film that is also a critique, an all-out assault on cosmeticized
movies that is intent on offending the consumers of glamorized, adrenalized, beautified film.
Taiwanese saleswomen, employed at the low end of the multinational cosmetics industry, display and reproduce a Western, heterosexual, cosmeticized
mode of femininity.
Now that the same airbrushed, cosmeticized
monuments to femininity at its most fetishized were available to Spanish heterosexual males as had been to their North American brethren, the route was clearly paved toward freedom of expression.