He referred to services such as Facebook Advertisement Manager and Google Trends that can provide costless
qualitative and quantitative data by age and gender.
As a practically costless
medium of exchange, CBDC would enhance the efficiency of the payments system.
Others are "open to hearing ideas they disagree with." Jaffer reminds us that speech isn't "costless
. We protect it because it can be powerful" and dangerous.
"But by vastly expanding central banks' balance sheets, QE is hardly costless
or risk-free," Roubini says.
The report argues that "it is crucial to get the policy mix right" and it "will require concerted and careful efforts by policymakers at the national and global levels." "Policymakers should adjust the policy mix to deliver a stronger path for long-term and inclusive growth while avoiding politically expedient but ultimately counterproductive inward-looking policies," it asserted American policy makers should "vigilantly monitor increased leverage and deteriorating credit quality." While emerging market economies should "address domestic vulnerabilities to enhance their resilience to external shocks." "While regulation is never costless
, neither is its removal; weakening regulatory standards comes at the cost of higher financial stability risks," the IMF asserted.
From an economic perspective, adjustment is most certainly not costless
. Market economies, to deliver acceptable performance, require that all adjustment are generally "costless
." Notice in the above examples that there may be no possible adjustments to be chosen.
In the third chapter, Catherine Tucker and Amalia Miller analyze the consequences of patient data becoming virtually costless
to store, share, and individualize, showing how data management and privacy issues have become important considerations in health policy.
Yet, these policy documents do not refer in detail to the three conditions of a contestable market: that entry of new firmsis costless
, the market is susceptible to hit-and-run entry and entry is reversible (Shepherd 1984: 1995).
A utilitarian government cannot sustain debt if default is costless
. If default is costly, debt with default risk is sustainable, and debt falls as the concentration of debt ownership rises.
He categorically said it was an obvious fact that minimum numbers of women were approaching to DRC despite the fact that it was swift, unprejudiced and costless
," he concludes, "and it's the easiest way to get a multiplier today."