This mid-size municipality operates under the council-manager plan
. Due to issues including negative press releases, a declining economic base, and a consultant report critiquing the current organizational structure, Midberg senior management decided to engage in a strategic planning process to address these concerns.
Before El Paso, the largest city to adopt a council-manager plan
since 1998 was Norwich, Connecticut (population, 36,000).
Norm King (December 10, 1997) says it best: "The primary issue is not the council-manager plan
. The issue is better articulating the added value of professional management.
In the early days of the council-manager plan
, most managers were civil engineers by training (Lineberry and Sharkansky 1974).
From the front page of The Story of the Council-Manager Plan
. (New York: National Municipal League, 1962).
(3) He argued that large cities were turning to the mayor-with-general-manager plan and away from the council-manager plan
, for several reasons.
(17.) The survey, developed by ICMA's Council-Manager Plan
Task Force, was sent to 2,787 jurisdictions.
By the end of 1915, the council-manager plan
had been adopted by eighty-two cities, with the number almost doubling by 1920.
The model charter distinguished "legislation" from "administration," following the differentiation made by Goodnow, naturally assigning the former to the council and the latter to the manager, but the theoreticians and practitioners of die council-manager plan
did not adhere to a fundamental dichotomy between policy and administration.
The committee's first report in 1914 endorsed what came to be known as the council-manager plan
."  The words "came to be known as" were used here because, initially, the plan was referred to as the "commission-manager" plan.
The final blow came in 1996 when Dade County moved to a strong mayor system and abolished the council-manager plan
Adoption of the council-manager plan
continues to outstrip adoption of the strong-mayor form.