In Philadelphia, for example, City Council members can exercise their councilmanic
prerogative to hold up projects of concern in their districts.
Los Angeles is divided into 15 councilmanic
As Ellickson notes, "In some large cities land-use decisions are determined by a system of 'councilmanic
courtesy': all members of the elected governing body informally agree to follow the decision of the member from the district where the land-use problem has arisen." (155) A journalist describes this as an "ironclad principle of aldermanic privilege ...
One key difference between City Hall and, for example, councilmanic
District 11, is that its incumbent must be supported by a cross-racial and cross-ethnic electorate.
The sample was stratified, in that separate random samples were drawn for each of the six councilmanic
districts of the city in order to permit generalizations from the sample to the population of each district.
In the 51st Councilmanic
District in Brooklyn, Felix Ortiz was elected with support from heavily Latino Sunset Park and Black Red Hook (Wynyard, 1995).
The Attorney General denied preclearance to North Carolina's 1981 congressional redistricting and Petersburg, Virginia's 1981 councilmanic
redistricting on the grounds that each appeared to have a discriminatory purpose.(52) This modern discrimination was not solely a regional problem.
"(41)Declaring that de-annexation would be impractical because the city had appropriated millions of dollars for improvements in the annexed area, the court ordered that the city be divided into two districts for purposes of new councilmanic
elections.(42) According to the plan, seven council members would be elected from the district comprising most of the pre-annexation territory of the city, and two members would be elected from the annexed area and a small part of the city's pre-annexation territory.
If performance indicators can be devised that are of sufficient interest to attract the attention of more than a trivial portion of the general public, that result will inevitably lead to greater managerial and councilmanic
attention, boosting accountability as it does so.
The author deftly traces the origins and evolution, in the early 1960s, of the biracial coalition in Tom Bradley's councilmanic
district, its citywide spread in the late 1960s, and the coalition's probusiness transformation and internal fragmentation following Bradley's 1973 mayoral victory.
In Cincinnati, Councilmember Roxanne Qualls will become mayor after leading the field of candidates in the city's councilmanic