counterfactual


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coun·ter·fac·tu·al

 (koun′tər-făk′cho͞o-əl)
adj.
Running contrary to the facts: "Cold war historiography vividly illustrates how the selection of the counterfactual question to be asked generally anticipates the desired answer" (Timothy Garton Ash).

coun′ter·fac′tu·al n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

counterfactual

(ˌkauntəˈfæktʃʊəl) logic
adj
(Logic) expressing what has not happened but could, would, or might under differing conditions
n
(Logic) a conditional statement in which the first clause is a past tense subjunctive statement expressing something contrary to fact, as in: if she had hurried she would have caught the bus.
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.counterfactual - going counter to the facts (usually as a hypothesis)
conditional - imposing or depending on or containing a condition; "conditional acceptance of the terms"; "lent conditional support"; "the conditional sale will not be complete until the full purchase price is paid"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

counterfactual

adjective
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The counterfactual is a category of thought and language.
The researchers found that adults with ASD were quickly able to think about how things might have turned out differently (either better or worse than reality), then judge whether the story character would feel regret or relief (known as counterfactual emotions).
If we were to question if indeed the actions of our heroes led to independence, we would need to turn to a concept known as counterfactual.
For example, Mogensen writes that any metaethical implications that follow from a Darwinist view of morality "will be due to the epistemic significance of moral disagreement." (8) The disagreement in question is hypothetical or counterfactual disagreement: had our evolutionary history been different, our moral beliefs would conflict with our actual moral beliefs.
Counterfactual thinking (CFT) is a specific type of human thought involving mental representations of alternatives to past situations by perceiving the immediate environment to an imagined perspective (1-2).
The counterfactual lens sees causes as difference-making events.
Our approach highlights an important normative question not addressed in prior research: What is the appropriate counterfactual to use?
Adversarial Perturbations and Counterfactual Explanations 851
Availability of adequate data continues to be a major obstacle to the proliferation of the literature (Asdrubali and Signore 2015), and it turns out that databases from one single source tend to be insufficient to conduct a rigorous analysis of the effects of policy intervention, including the construction of the counterfactual. In fact, data from several sources need to be combined involving the need to matching differently structured databases (Schich et al.
Counterfactual thinking is generally described as a thinking activity in which the individual denies the past psychologically and reconstructs a hypothetical possibility (Kahneman & Miller, 1986).
This so-called "factual" simulation--using observed boundary and external radiative forcings--is compared to a parallel 30-member ensemble of "counterfactual" simulations.