Further violence and counterviolence
is only becoming more likely whilst this poisonous and racist rhetoric continues.
How should we understand the (http://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000003615939/video-shows-fatal-police-shooting.html) violence , (http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/09/us/dallas-police-shooting.html) counterviolence
and (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/the-milwaukee-riots_us_57b5e66ee4b0fd5a2f41c985) civil unrest that mark the current era in American policing?
The potential risk of repression and counterviolence
was noted, and the government called upon the populace to prepare itself for such eventualities.
The chapter on "Violence" presents a more careful analysis, introducing the notion of "student counterviolence
" as a dynamic practice that solidifies and simultaneously disrupts students' moral superiority over the state.
Fanon noted the legitimacy and cleansing and practical roles of revolutionary counterviolence
for victims of Caucasian racism (Hansen, 1996, 8-12).
It was made clear that counterviolence
and passivity are not the only responses to violence, and that ANV can be an effective response.
Such violence almost always fails to achieve its objectives, and only ignites a wider cycle of counterviolence
that has resulted in the deterioration and destruction that define our societies today.
Contrasting with the nonviolence of Jesus was the violence of the Roman occupation of Palestine and the counterviolence
of Jewish revolutionaries.
A readiness to resort to violence necessarily carries a risk of hurt and harm to the perpetrator as well as the target of the violence, in that violence may foment a spiral of counterviolence
of defense or revenge.
On this assumption the only response possible for protecting oneself from immeasurable harm is unconditional counterviolence
But in a morally responsible political choice to launch or continue a violent foreign initiative, its provocation of counterviolence
that kills and maims civilians has to be taken into account.
Zomor referred to attacks by his group as "counterviolence
, in response to regime violence.