The potential risk of repression and counterviolence
was noted, and the government called upon the populace to prepare itself for such eventualities.
The rest of the chapter discusses how students "lost their claim to the legacy of counterviolence
as political strategy" (p.
Fanon noted the legitimacy and cleansing and practical roles of revolutionary counterviolence
for victims of Caucasian racism (Hansen, 1996, 8-12).
It was made clear that counterviolence
and passivity are not the only responses to violence, and that ANV can be an effective response.
Such violence almost always fails to achieve its objectives, and only ignites a wider cycle of counterviolence
that has resulted in the deterioration and destruction that define our societies today.
Contrasting with the nonviolence of Jesus was the violence of the Roman occupation of Palestine and the counterviolence
of Jewish revolutionaries.
A readiness to resort to violence necessarily carries a risk of hurt and harm to the perpetrator as well as the target of the violence, in that violence may foment a spiral of counterviolence
of defense or revenge.
On this assumption the only response possible for protecting oneself from immeasurable harm is unconditional counterviolence
But in a morally responsible political choice to launch or continue a violent foreign initiative, its provocation of counterviolence
that kills and maims civilians has to be taken into account.
The final and surprising chapter on Camus argues intriguingly that the confession of Clamence, the hero of La Chute, "illustrates Baudelaire's strategy of irony as counterviolence
, for it is at once a symptom and a critique of terror" (182).
It says the spread of slums inside and around the Egyptian capital and an increase in drug abuse have had a destructive effect in this society, leading to a rise in violence and counterviolence
Notice the terms employed by Daniel Berrigan in his autobiography for describing his gradual commitment to non-violence: "When the offended party yields to contempt and counterviolence
, I came to understand, both sides are demeaned, no light is shed, wounds are exacerbated.