cowpox


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Related to cowpox: cowpox vaccine

cow·pox

 (kou′pŏks′)
n.
A mild contagious skin disease of cattle, usually affecting the udder, that is caused by a virus and characterized by the eruption of a pustular rash. When the virus is transmitted to humans, as by vaccination, it can confer immunity to smallpox. Also called vaccinia.

cowpox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)
n
(Veterinary Science) a contagious viral disease of cows characterized by vesicles on the skin, esp on the teats and udder. Inoculation of humans with this virus provides temporary immunity to smallpox. It can be transmitted to other species, esp cats

cow•pox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)

n.
a mild disease of cattle, now rare, characterized by a pustular rash on the teats and udder, caused by a poxvirus that was formerly used for smallpox vaccinations.
[1790–1800]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cowpox - a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
pox - a contagious disease characterized by purulent skin eruptions that may leave pock marks
animal disease - a disease that typically does not affect human beings
Translations

cowpox

[ˈkaʊpɒks] Nvacuna f

cowpox

[ˈkaʊˌpɒks] nvaiolo bovino
References in periodicals archive ?
He hypothesized that the milkmaids' exposure to cowpox protected them from the disease.
VACV, cowpox virus, and monkey-pox virus are OPVs of concern because of pathogenicity in humans, possible adverse effects in vulnerable populations, potential spread and introduction in other areas, and public health burden (2).
Jenner noticed farm workers seemed immune to smallpox if they had had cowpox.
By 1798, Edward Jenner had engineered the smallpox vaccine, using cowpox. But in spite of the efficacy of the vaccine, there was still controversy.
1798: Jenner self-publishes findings of cowpox vaccine efficacy
Jenner took the risk of mortality from this form of inoculation down to virtually zero when he noticed that people infected with the less serious disease cowpox were also immune to smallpox.
Although Edward Jenner is credited with the discovery of vaccination, for using cowpox to inoculate against smallpox, it was already known in his day that survivors of smallpox were immune to further episodes of the disease.
The Orthopoxvirus genus also includes variola virus (the cause of smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus."
By OWEN EVANS Daily Post Reporter owen.evans@trinitymirror.com A BOY, 15, has been diagnosed with cowpox in the first case in Wales for more than a decade.
ATEENAGER has been diagnosed with cowpox - an illness now so rare it hasn't been seen in Wales for more than a decade.