coxa vara


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Translations

cox·a va·ra

[MIM*122750]
n. coxa vara, deformidad de la cadera por desplazamiento angular interno del fémur.
References in periodicals archive ?
Extremities appear slightly shortened, with severe coxa vara, genu valgum, multiple accessory epiphyses in hands and feet, and talipes equinovarus.
In the first case (28-year-old female), the patient had the typical phenotypic characteristics of cleidocranial dysostosis (short stature, open anterior fontanelle, typical facial appearance, a wide and protruding forehead, and dental problems), bilateral pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle, slightly widened pubic symphysis, small iliac wings, bilateral shortness of the femoral neck and coxa vara, bilateral genu valgum in the lower extremity, progressive scoliosis, and a positive family history (in her father and grandmother) at presentation.
In trochanteric fractures, treated non-operatively, malunion with coxa vara deformity resulting in shortening of limb are commonly seen.
It is characterized by short trunk and extremities, platyspondyly, kyphoscoliosis, coxa vara, genu valgum/varum, and abnormal shape and structure of the epiphyses of hand bones.
Presence of coxa vara and varus femoral remodeling, as well as the sclerotic nature of bone, is likely to cause challenges associated with femoral reconstruction.
(13) In cases of altered femoral neck geometry, the joint load orientation becomes more vertical with coxa valga and more horizontal in coxa vara. (13) Coxa vara is defined as a femoral neck shaft angle of less than 120[degrees], coxa valga as an angle of greater than 140[degrees] average femoral neck shaft angle ranges from 125[degrees] to 131[degrees].13 Femoral neck stress fractures are associated with coxa vara (14) and compression side femoral neck stress fractures are more common.
However, bowed legs, coxa vara, and specific metaphyseal changes are seen on radiographs.
Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDT), which is characterized by short stature with short trunk, may cause barrel chest, kyphoscoliosis, platyspondyly, coxa vara and genu varum/valgum deformities due to delayed formation of epiphyses.