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The scientific study of the characteristics of the skull, such as size and shape, especially in humans.

cra′ni·o·log′i·cal (-ə-lŏj′ĭ-kəl) adj.
cra′ni·o·log′i·cal·ly adv.
cra′ni·ol′o·gist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.craniologist - someone who claims to be able to read your character from the shape of your skull
charlatan, mountebank - a flamboyant deceiver; one who attracts customers with tricks or jokes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The all-embracing 'Malayan type' proposed in the late eighteenth century by the German craniologist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach was used in early anthropological classifications of the Timorese, but was soon considered insufficient.
The public could view Morton's skull collection at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, and the craniologist's friends and allies presented his work in print and on stage, most notably in George Gliddon and Josiah Nott's 1854 publication Types of Mankind, and through Gliddon's wildly popular mummy lectures, in which the ethnologist-adventurer would showcase skulls, offer theories on the polygenic origins of the races and the Caucasian roots of Egyptian civilization, and unwrap mummies ransacked from Egyptian tombs before a public audience.
He interpreted races and peoples from the perspective of comparative anatomy and physiological variation among individuals in the style of Cesare Lombroso (1836-1909), the infamous craniologist. Hooton was a very popular and effective lecturer and made Harvard a center for physical anthropology; at the same time, he conducted various applied projects, as, for example, the one that involved calibrating buttock spread and buttock knee lengths, all to design more comfortable seats for the Pennsylvania railroad's passenger cars.