According to the study titled "Tthe KalanchoAaAaAeAe1/2 genome provides insigh into convergent evolution and building blocks of crassulacean acid metabolism
," crop production is the world's largest consumer of freshwater.
Physiologically, the crassulacean acid metabolism
(CAM) provides important water economy by stomata closure during the day (Luttge 2004), and photosynthesis in roots helps themselves in the maintenance of oxygen supply (Dycus & Knudson 1957, Erickson 1957, Moreira et al.
However, if weeds are not controlled, there will be great competition with the pineapple, since it is a plant that has the Crassulacean Acid Metabolism
(CAM), which is characterized by the opening of the stomata during the night and closing them during the day.
 Struve, I., and Luettge, U., 1987, "Characteristics of MgATP2- dependent electrogenic proton transport in tonoplast vesicles of facultative crassulacean acid metabolism
plant Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.," Planta, 170, pp.
Crayn DM, Winter K, Smith JAC (2004) Multiple origins of crassulacean acid metabolism
and the epiphytic habit in the Neotropical family Bromeliaceae.
In the late 1970s, a colleague who was studying metabolic tricks that plants use in harsh environments proposed to von Willert that Welwitschia can conserve water by a process called crassulacean acid metabolism
, or CAM.
Carbon assimilation through Crassulacean acid metabolism
(CAM) is regarded as an adaptive trait for plant species native to high-light, water-limited habitats (Taiz and Zeiger 1991).
The physiology and biochemistry of photosynthesis are described in eight chapters, and include discussions of carbon metabolism, including photosynthetic carbon reduction, Crassulacean acid metabolism
, [C.sub.3]-[C.sub.4] intermediates, the [C.sub.4] pathway, and assimilate partitioning; photorespiration; noncarbohydrate compounds; and nitrogen metabolism.
Alternative carbohydrate reserves used in the daily cycle of crassulacean acid metabolism
. Pages 31-45 in K.