crayfish


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cray·fish

 (krā′fĭsh′) also craw·fish (krô′-)
n. pl. crayfish or cray·fish·es also crawfish or craw·fish·es
1. Any of various freshwater crustaceans of the families Astacidae and Cambaridae of the Northern Hemisphere and the family Parastacidae of the Southern Hemisphere, resembling a lobster but considerably smaller. Also called mudbug; also called regionally crawdad.

[By folk etymology from Middle English crevise, from Old French crevice, perhaps from Old High German krebiz, edible crustacean; see gerbh- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: The crayfish, also known as the crawfish, owes its name to a misunderstanding. The actual source of the word may be the Old High German word krebiz, "edible crustacean," or a word related to it. From this Germanic source came Old French crevice, which when taken into English became crevise (first recorded in a document written in 1311-1312). In Old French and Middle English these words designated the crayfish. People began to pronounce and spell the last part of this word as if it were fish, the first fish spelling being recorded in 1555. Because of a variation in Anglo-Norman pronunciation, two forms of the word have come down to Modern English: crayfish and crawfish.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

crayfish

(ˈkreɪˌfɪʃ) or

crawfish

n, pl -fish or -fishes
1. (Animals) any freshwater decapod crustacean of the genera Astacus and Cambarus, resembling a small lobster
2. (Animals) any of various similar crustaceans, esp the spiny lobster
[C14: cray, by folk etymology, from Old French crevice crab, from Old High German krebiz + fish]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cray•fish

(ˈkreɪˌfɪʃ)

also crawfish



n., pl. (esp. collectively) -fish, (esp. for kinds or species) -fish•es.
1. Also called crawdad , crawdaddy. any of various mainly freshwater decapod crustaceans, esp. of the genera Astacus and Cambarus, resembling small lobsters.
2. (not in technical use) the spiny lobster.
[1350–1400; alter. (by folk etym.) of Middle English crevis < Middle French crevice < Old High German krebiz crab1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.crayfish - warm-water lobsters without clawscrayfish - warm-water lobsters without claws; those from Australia and South Africa usually marketed as frozen tails; caught also in Florida and California
sea crawfish, spiny lobster, langouste, rock lobster, crawfish, crayfish - large edible marine crustacean having a spiny carapace but lacking the large pincers of true lobsters
shellfish - meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean)
2.crayfish - tiny lobster-like crustaceans usually boiled brieflycrayfish - tiny lobster-like crustaceans usually boiled briefly
Old World crayfish, ecrevisse - small crayfish of Europe and Asia and western North America
American crayfish - common large crayfishes of eastern North America
shellfish - meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean)
3.crayfish - small freshwater decapod crustacean that resembles a lobstercrayfish - small freshwater decapod crustacean that resembles a lobster
decapod, decapod crustacean - crustaceans characteristically having five pairs of locomotor appendages each joined to a segment of the thorax
Old World crayfish, ecrevisse - small crayfish of Europe and Asia and western North America
American crayfish - common large crayfishes of eastern North America
4.crayfish - large edible marine crustacean having a spiny carapace but lacking the large pincers of true lobsterscrayfish - large edible marine crustacean having a spiny carapace but lacking the large pincers of true lobsters
lobster - any of several edible marine crustaceans of the families Homaridae and Nephropsidae and Palinuridae
genus Palinurus, Palinurus - type genus of the family Palinuridae
crayfish, langouste, rock lobster, spiny lobster - warm-water lobsters without claws; those from Australia and South Africa usually marketed as frozen tails; caught also in Florida and California
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
جَرَادُ البَحْرجَراد بَحْر
rak
krebs
äyriäinenrapu
slatkovodni rak
folyami rákrák: folyami rák
vatnakrabbi
ザリガニ
가재
cancer
vēzis
rak
kräfta
กุ้งชนิดหนึ่งคล้ายกุ้งก้ามกราม
kerevittatlı su istakozu
tôm sông

crayfish

[ˈkreɪfɪʃ] N (crayfish or crayfishes (pl)) (freshwater) → cangrejo m or (LAm) jaiba f de río; (saltwater) → cigala f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

crayfish

[ˈkreɪfɪʃ] [crayfish] [ˈkreɪfɪʃ] (pl) n
(freshwater)écrevisse f
(saltwater)langoustine f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

crayfish

n
(freshwater) → Flusskrebs m
(saltwater: also crawfish) → Languste f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

crayfish

[ˈkreɪˌfɪʃ] ngambero (d'acqua dolce)
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

crayfish

(ˈkreifiʃ) plural ˈcrayfish – (also especially American , crawfish (ˈkroːfiʃ) plural ˈcrawfish)
a type of edible shellfish.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

crayfish

جَرَادُ البَحْر rak krebs Languste καραβίδα cangrejo de río äyriäinen écrevisse slatkovodni rak gambero d’acqua dolce ザリガニ 가재 rivierkreeft kreps langusta lagostim речной рак kräfta กุ้งชนิดหนึ่งคล้ายกุ้งก้ามกราม kerevit tôm sông 小龙虾
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
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figured and symbolized; for whereas the crayfish doth move only
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The sight of a mound of crayfish (or crawfish) in a Sofitel function room brought me back to Sweden.
Earlier this year, a school class caught young crayfish during our pond study class.
This way, the crayfish continues feeding on algae and plankton inside the dam," Mambo explains.
The Yuanshan District Police Department was soon notified and officers dispatched to the scene found crayfish and crabs inside a machine set up by Feng.
Signal crayfish can also have a significant impact on fisheries by eating fish eggs and also increasing the erosion of river banks through burrowing.
Muscat: A student research group at the Department of Marine Science and Fisheries of the College of Agricultural & Marine Sciences at Sultan Qaboos University achieved a successful hatching trial for the electric blue crayfish. The experiment took place in the Department of Marine Science at SQU under the supervision of Dr.
The victim's father Joseph Riungu said the attack occurred on November 28 at Crayfish Camp where his son and other schoolchildren had gone for camping.
Its uniqueness has to do with its recipe-depending on locality and culture-that comprises, but not limited to crayfish, snail, carrot, dry fish, variety of pepper and green beans.