cretinism


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cre·tin·ism

 (krēt′n-ĭz′əm)
n.
A congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone during prenatal development and characterized by small stature, intellectual disability, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cretinism

(ˈkrɛtɪˌnɪzəm)
n
(Pathology) old-fashioned a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation. See also myxoedema
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cre•tin•ism

(ˈkrit nˌɪz əm; esp. Brit. ˈkrɛt-)

n.
a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion, resulting in stunted growth, deformity, and mental retardation.
[1795–1805; < French crétinisme]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cretinism

Medicine. a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion causing deformity and idiocy. — cretinoid, cretinous, adj.
See also: Idiocy
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cretinism

Dwarfism and mental retardation caused by too little thyroxine in childhood.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cretinism - severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
hypothyroidism - an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
kretenismus
kretinismi
kretynizm

cretinism

n (Med) → Kretinismus m; (inf)Schwachsinn m, → Idiotie f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

cre·tin·ism

n. cretinismo, hipotiroidismo congénito debido a una deficiencia acentuada de la hormona tiroidea.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cretinism

n cretinismo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
So cretinism was in a fair way to spread all over the valley from this spot.
But the truth was that the Dewhurst was being staged in front of 5,000-6,000 people, and while some locals might have liked to keep it that way, it is commercial cretinism to stage an event of such significance before the midweek few rather than the weekend many.
Medical science has long known that a severe deficiency in the thyroid hormone thyroxin can lead to congenital myxedema--a type of mental retardation once known as cretinism. And scientists have also known that even moderate thyroxin deficiency, caused by disease or dysfunction, can lead to motor and hearing problems in both lab animals and children.
In the 1850s, French psychiatrist Benedict-Augustin Morel developed the theory of degeneration to explain cretinism. An Italian follower of Morel, Cesare Lombroso, applied degenerationism to criminals in a widely read book (Pick 1989, 178-79).
Today we take iodized salt for granted, as do the residents of the developed countries of the world, but the World Health Organization estimates that as many as 200 million persons in underdeveloped countries are suffering from iodine deficient goiters, with cretinism attendant in many children in these areas.
Severe fetal iodine deficiency can cause cretinism, a condition that involves severe mental retardation and a stunted physique.
The historian quoted Voltaire: "They make Italy a place to be noticed not for antique statuary but new music." The dukes who gave their name to this villa, stupider every generation, came to a climax of cretinism with Gian Galeazzo who, taking matters into his moronic hands, rode up to Paris to fetch Josephine for her husband's Italian bed.
It was as though the system had set itself the goal of acquainting Russians in the shortest time possible with all the delights of capitalist crisis: inflation, unemployment, unbridled crime, falling production, political instability, parliamentary cretinism, electoral farce, and military coups.
Just five years ago it couldn't have been, but such is the pervasive influence of Waters' anarchic sensibility that he mus be reckoned an early enabler of our current cultural climate, with its chronic appetite for transvestism and white-trash cretinism. In an era when mere transgression, my friends, has gone toothlessly main-stream--when drag queens are talk show staples and the vicissitudes of camp, via the "gay studies" industry, have acquired academic exchange value--we asked John Waters, the mave of maladjustment; how best to behave badly.
Early screening and treatment for congenital hypothyroidism can prevent mental retardation (cretinism) if timely follow-up and compliance are achieved.