viper

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Related to crotalid: crotalid snake

vi·per

 (vī′pər)
n.
1. Any of various venomous snakes of the family Viperidae, having a thick heavy body and a single pair of long hollow fangs, especially the Eurasian and African species of the subfamily Viperinae, which lack the sensory pits of the pit vipers.
2. Any of several harmless snakes sometimes believed to be venomous.
3. A person regarded as malicious or treacherous.

[Middle English vipere, from Old French, from Latin vīpera, snake, contraction of *vīvipera : vīvus, alive; see gwei- in Indo-European roots + parere, to give birth; see perə- in Indo-European roots.]

viper

(ˈvaɪpə)
n
1. (Animals) any venomous Old World snake of the family Viperidae, esp any of the genus Vipera (the adder and related forms), having hollow fangs in the upper jaw that are used to inject venom
2. (Animals) any of various other snakes, such as the horned viper
3. (Animals) See pit viper
4. a malicious or treacherous person
[C16: from Latin vīpera, perhaps from vīvus living + parere to bear, referring to a tradition that the viper was viviparous]
ˈviper-ˌlike adj

vi•per

(ˈvaɪ pər)

n.
1. any venomous snake of the cosmopolitan family Viperidae, characterized by a pair of hollow fangs that can be erected for biting and injecting venom: includes the adders, puff adders, and pit vipers.
2. any of various other venomous or supposedly venomous snakes.
3. a malignant, spiteful, or treacherous person.
[1520–30; < Latin vīpera, haplological variant of *vīvipera, n. use of feminine of *vīviper, later (as re-formation) vīviparus viviparous]
vi′per•ish, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.viper - venomous Old World snakes characterized by hollow venom-conducting fangs in the upper jawviper - venomous Old World snakes characterized by hollow venom-conducting fangs in the upper jaw
ophidian, serpent, snake - limbless scaly elongate reptile; some are venomous
family Viperidae, Viperidae - Old World vipers
common viper, Vipera berus, adder - small terrestrial viper common in northern Eurasia
asp, asp viper, Vipera aspis - of southern Europe; similar to but smaller than the adder
Bitis arietans, puff adder - large African viper that inflates its body when alarmed
Bitis gabonica, gaboon viper - large heavy-bodied brilliantly marked and extremely venomous west African viper
cerastes, Cerastes cornutus, horned asp, horned viper, sand viper - highly venomous viper of northern Africa and southwestern Asia having a horny spine above each eye
pit viper - New World vipers with hollow fangs and a heat-sensitive pit on each side of the head
Translations
أفْعى
змия
zmije
hugorm
viperovipuro
kyykyykäärme
vipera
naîra/snákur
vipera
angis
odze
năpârcă
vretenica
gad
huggorm
engerek yılanı

viper

[ˈvaɪpəʳ] N (lit, fig) → víbora f

viper

[ˈvaɪpər] nvipère fVIP lounge nsalon m d'accueil pour VIP

viper

n (Zool) → Viper f; (fig)Schlange f

viper

[ˈvaɪpəʳ] n (Zool) (also) (fig) → vipera

viper

(ˈvaipə) noun
an adder.

vi·per

n. víbora.

viper

n víbora
References in periodicals archive ?
Another Mexican product, Crotalid Antivenom[R], is derived from horses exposed to the Tropical Rattlesnake and Fer-de-lance.
alba and three of its constituents, wedelolactone, sitosterol, and stigmasterol, have been investigated for their ability to protect against myotoxicity of crotalid venoms (Bothrops jararaca, Bothrops jararacussu, and Lachesis muta) and purified myotoxins (bothropstoxin, BthTX; bothropasin; and crotoxin) through quantification in vitro by the release rate of creatine kinase (CK) from rat or mouse extensor digitorum muscles and in vivo by the plasma CK activity in mice.
Intravascular hemolysis associated with north american crotalid envenomation.
Its geographical distribution is related to the home range of its crotalid hosts, which could be from southern Canada to northern Argentina (Riley and Self, 1979), although sanitation of water and food also plays an important role in the spread of this parasite (Drabick, 1987).
Effect of antivenin dose on outcome from crotalid envenomation: 218 dogs (1988-2006).
Other snakes in the Crotalid family, such as the hundred-pace viper, create venoms containing hemorrhagic and proteolytic components.
Surgical technique for isolation of the main venom gland of viperid, crotalid and elapid snakes.