The cottage's roof is supported by oak crucks
or trunks which give the building its name.
Many cottages were little more than hovels, constructed with wooden supports called crucks
Black Poplars were regularly used by medieval housebuilders and cartmakers: when split, branches made perfect crucks
The posts, beams and crucks
of these buildings are round poles, usually harvested on or near the building site.
Fortunately Cadw will be contributing to the renovation costs, as Gwastad is recognised as one of the most important early farms in West Wales, retaining early oak crucks
, panelling and two immense back fireplaces.
Three massive oak frames fastened together with oak pegs are the main structure of the cottage and it is these crucks
from oak tree trunks left in their natural state (with just the bark removed) which gives the building its name.
The room was once dark and gloomy but we put extra windows in and there are now huge swathes of oak crucks
that were previously covered with layers of plaster and a balcony around 12 feet up wraps around the room, leading to the bedrooms.
And Stewart attributes some of this to the house itself, which seemed to communicate to them that it was full of hidden treasures such as beams, crucks
, inglenooks and stonework.
There are four pairs of curved crucks
, creating a house of three bays.
had to be repaired by fashioning huge nails, the size of a broom handle, out of local oak.
With the thatch went the ancient crucks
and wickerwork chimney hoods.
It is believed that each pair of crucks
was made from the same tree.