(1995) investigated that the bat guano may mediate the exchange of pathogenic fungi just as pigeon excreta mediate the exchange of Cryptococcus
neoformans, the causative agent of cryptococcosis.
neoformans is responsible for the majority of cases of PCC.
A total of 20 colonies were isolated and evaluated, correspondent to 10 species of four genera, Candida (12 isolates), Cryptococcus
(five isolates), Debaryomyces (one isolate), and Geotrichum (two isolates); their biochemical profiles are described in Table 1.
For example, Cryptococcus
neoformans is responsible for between ~ 180,000 and 600,000 deaths annually, primarily in sub-Saharan Africa and principally in individuals with HIV [1, 2].
Cryptococcosis is a fatal fungal disease caused by infections with Cryptococcus
Causada pela levedura encapsulada, Cryptococcus
neoformans, principal patogeno humano, de porta de entrada inalatoria, determinando a primoinfeccao pulmonar, que pode ser assintomatica ou sintomatica (QUEIROZ, 2008).
Current diagnostic facilities provided by ARL are Dengue virus testing (ELISA, PCR, Sertotyping), Hepatitis B and C virus PCR testing, Cryptococcus
, testing, many other bacterial and viral infections and also providing facility for anti rabies vaccination.
Among their topics are preparing for serious communicable diseases in the US: lessons from the ebola virus epidemic, measles in the US since the millennium: perils and progress in the post-elimination era, antimicrobial resistance expression by Neisseria gonorrhoeae: a major global public health problem in the 21st century, emerging fungal infections in the Pacific Northwest: the unrecognized burden and geographic range of Cryptococcus
gattii and Coccidioides immitis, and the amphibian fungal disease chytridiomycosis as a key example of the global phenomenon of emerging wildlife infectious diseases.
Cryptococcosis: Several Cryptococcus
spp cause cryptococcosis.
Children also played host to communities of Epicoccum, Cladosporium, and Cryptococcus
Cytological examination of ear cerumen and microbiological isolation identified eight (8) dogs to be affected with fungal infections comprising of Aspergillus (n=4), Candida (n=3) and Cryptococcus
infections (n=1) besides Malassezia yeast in another twenty two (22) dogs.
Fungus includes Cryptococcus
, Yeast, Candida sp., Aspergillus spp., Microsporum spp., Trichophyton spp.