diphtheria

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diph·the·ri·a

 (dĭf-thîr′ē-ə, dĭp-)
n.
An acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which infects mucous membranes of the throat, causing formation of a thick layer called the false membrane that can obstruct breathing, and producing a potent toxin that enters the bloodstream and causes systemic effects that include damage to the heart and nervous system.

[New Latin diphthēria, from French diphthérie, from Greek diphtherā, piece of hide, leather; see letter.]

diph′the·rit′ic (-thə-rĭt′ĭk), diph·ther′ic (-thĕr′ĭk), diph·the′ri·al adj.

diphtheria

(dɪpˈθɪərɪə; dɪf-)
n
(Pathology) an acute contagious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, producing fever, severe prostration, and difficulty in breathing and swallowing as the result of swelling of the throat and formation of a false membrane
[C19: New Latin, from French diphthérie, from Greek diphthera leather; from the nature of the membrane]
diphˈtherial, diphtheritic, diphtheric adj
ˈdiphtheˌroid adj

diph•the•ri•a

(dɪfˈθɪər i ə, dɪp-)

n.
a febrile infectious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and characterized by the formation of a false membrane in the air passages, esp. the throat.
[1850–55; < French diphthérie < Greek diphthér(a) skin, leather + -ie -ia]
diph•the′ri•al, diph`the•rit′ic (-θəˈrɪt ɪk) adj.

diph·the·ri·a

(dĭf-thîr′ē-ə, dĭp-thîr′ē-ə)
A contagious disease caused by a bacterium and characterized by fever, swollen glands, and the formation of a membrane in the throat that prevents breathing. Diphtheria was once a leading cause of death in children, but now children are routinely immunized against it.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diphtheria - acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriaediphtheria - acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae; marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing
contagion, contagious disease - any disease easily transmitted by contact
Translations
خُناق
záškrt
difteritis
diphtériediphthérie
torokgyík
barnaveiki
difteritas
difterija
záškrt

diphtheria

[dɪfˈθɪərɪə] Ndifteria f

diphtheria

[dɪpˈθɪəriə dɪfˈθɪəriə] ndiphtérie f

diphtheria

nDiphtherie f

diphtheria

[dɪfˈθɪərɪə] ndifterite f

diphtheria

(difˈθiəriə) noun
an infectious disease of the throat.

diph·the·ri·a

n. difteria, enfermedad contagiosa e infecciosa aguda, causada por el bacilo Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Klebs-Löffler), caracterizada por la formación de membranas falsas esp. en la garganta;
___ antitoxinantitoxina contra la ___.

diphtheria

n difteria
References in periodicals archive ?
diphtheriae isolates: the isolate from the cutaneous diphtheria patient (no.
Pharyngeal or cutaneous diphtheria caused by toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae and C.
Cutaneous diphtheria (involving the skin) is more common in tropical countries and those where hygiene is poor.
Systemic toxic effects occur in cutaneous diphtheria but less commonly than in pharyngeal or laryngeal diphtheria.
Historical data suggest that cutaneous diphtheria could be more contagious than respiratory diphtheria because environmental contamination from the skin is more common (5).
Health authority interest in this disease was rekindled after a nonvaccinated boy in Spain died of systemic diphtheria in June 2015 and 9 cases of cutaneous diphtheria among refugees were notified by Denmark, Sweden, and Germany in 2015 (1).
pseudotuberculosis produce diphtheria toxin (DT) and thus cause respiratory and cutaneous diphtheria.