cyclotron


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cyclotron

cy·clo·tron

 (sī′klə-trŏn′)
n.
A circular particle accelerator in which charged subatomic particles generated at a central source are accelerated spirally outward in a plane perpendicular to a fixed magnetic field by an alternating electric field. A cyclotron is capable of generating particle energies between a few million and several tens of millions of electron volts.

cyclotron

(ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn)
n
(Atomic Physics) a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes

cy•clo•tron

(ˈsaɪ kləˌtrɒn, ˈsɪk lə-)

n.
an accelerator in which particles move in spiral paths in a magnetic field.
[1930–35; cyclo- + -tron]
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cyclotron
An alternating electric field attracts the particles from one side of the cyclotron to the other. The cyclotron's magnetic field, generated by the two electromagnets, bends each particle's path into a horizontal spiral, forcing it to accelerate in order to keep up with the alternating electric field. When the particle reaches its peak acceleration it is released to collide with the desired target.

cy·clo·tron

(sī′klə-trŏn′)
A device that accelerates charged subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, in an outwardly spiraling path, greatly increasing their energies. Cyclotrons are used to bring about high-speed particle collisions in order to study subatomic structures. Compare linear accelerator.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cyclotron - an accelerator that imparts energies of several million electron-volts to rapidly moving particles
atom smasher, particle accelerator, accelerator - a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles
bevatron - a cyclotron that accelerates protons up to several billion electron volts
synchrocyclotron - cyclotron that achieves relativistic velocities by modulating the frequency of the accelerating electric field
synchrotron - cyclotron in which the electric field is maintained at a constant frequency
Translations
cyklotron

cyclotron

[ˈsaɪklətrɒn] Nciclotrón m

cyclotron

[ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn] nciclotrone m
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 EQUITYBITES-June 19, 2019-Sofie Acquires Cyclotope Radiopharmacy from Houston Cyclotron Partners to Expand Network
The cyclotron itself, the largest piece of equipment, weighs approximately 170,000 pounds.
Sudhir said the hospital also bought the only cyclotron - the machine used to make the radioactive tracers - in East and Central Africa.
The cutting-edge equipment - known as a cyclotron - is used in the Beatson Centre at Gartnavel Hospital, in Glasgow, to produce radioactive isotopes.
The workshop includes a number of theoretical and practical lectures on the basic safety standards and its implications on cyclotrons, as well as on the particle accelerators: cyclotron components, physics and its operation.
and Best Cyclotron Systems, has agreed to acquire Tennessee, US-based cyclotron manufacturer ABT Molecular Imaging, Inc., the company said.
Healthcare companies Best Medical International Inc (BMI) and Best Cyclotron Systems (BCS) Monday announced the formation of Best ABT Inc.
UAE-based Merint Group said it has completed the construction of India's biggest cyclotron facility at Kolkata in the state of West Bengal.
Varian announced the installation of the cyclotron for the Varian ProBeam Compact single-room proton therapy system at the cancer treatment center on the campus of the Delray Medical Center in Delray Beach, Florida.
The 90-tonne cyclotron will help cancer patients at University College London Hospital, where the centre opens in 2020.
The basic method is to use the detector to measure two frequencies-known as the Larmor (spin-precession) frequency and the cyclotron frequency of the proton in a magnetic field.