cystic duct


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Related to cystic duct: common bile duct

cystic duct

n.
The duct that conveys bile from the gallbladder and joins the hepatic duct to form the common bile duct.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our findings are consistent with other studies that reported only 2% of the cases where the RPSBD drained into the cystic duct. Prior information on HCS will help in dealing with the anatomical abnormality especially in the context of RPSBD, where the cystic duct can be ligated between the gallbladder and the point at which the duct joins [27,28].
The cystic duct was identified, and a stone was found to be lodged in the cystic duct, which was then manipulated up into the fundus.
The reasons for conversion included cystic artery bleeding2, liver bed bleeding1, common hepatic duct injury1, cholecystoduodenal fistula1, severe adhesions caused by tissue inflammation and fibrosis of Calot's triangle1 and cystic duct avulsion1.
ACC represents over 90% of all AC cases, (1) initiated by a sentinel event of an obstructing gallstone in the gallbladder neck or cystic duct. The pathophysiology of AAC is multifactorial and not completely understood, except that an obstructing gallstone is absent.
LSC Type I: Cystic Duct and Cystic Artery are dissected and clipped and cut.
LC was conducted using slightly anti-Trendelenburg and left tilting position; cystic artery was first dissected and divided after clipping; the gallbladder was dissected off the liver with only cystic duct kept intact; then a clip was applied on cystic duct close to Hartmann's pouch.
The cystic duct may join the left or the right side of the common hepatic duct or may join the left hepatic duct directly.
Therefore laparoscopic cholecystectomy may be responsible for specific complications which occur as a result of inadvertent division of common bile duct or hepatic duct identified as cystic duct, inappropriate clipping of CBD or hepatic duct, or liberal use of diathermy involving biliary tree, vessels and bowel.3
In a retrospective analysis of 100 patients with post-cholecystectomy bile leak, ERCP demonstrated a leak in 83% with 60% of them being from cystic duct stump.11 ERCP stenting with sphincterotomy reduces the transpapillary pressure gradient maintained by sphincter of Oddi, thus diverting the bile away from leak into the duodenum as well as removing underlying biliary obstruction which may perpetrate or worsen the ductal defect.
In 95% of cases of acute cholecystitis the cause is a gallstone blocking the cystic duct subsequently leading to inflammation of the gallbladder by chemicals or bacteria (1).
Perihilar tumors are defined as those involving the hepatic duct bifurcation or extrahepatic biliary tree proximal to the origin of the cystic duct (1); distal tumors are defined as those lesions arising between the junction of the cystic duct-bile duct and the ampulla of Vater.