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Related to cytolysis: immune cytolysis


The dissolution or destruction of a cell.

cy′to·lyt′ic (sī′tə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Microbiology) cytology the dissolution of cells, esp by the destruction of their membranes
cytolytic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(saɪˈtɒl ə sɪs)

the dissolution or degeneration of cells.
cy•to•lyt•ic (ˌsaɪt lˈɪt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


the degeneration of cells. — cytolytic, adj.
See also: Cells
the degeneration of cells. — cytolytic, adj.
See also: Decaying
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cytolysis - pathological breakdown of cells by the destruction of their outer membrane
lysis - (biochemistry) dissolution or destruction of cells such as blood cells or bacteria
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
- Monitors cell health, adhesion, morphology, proliferation, and cytolysis in primary or native cells alone or in co-culture providing unprecedented insight into cellular mechanisms and functionality.
Although most cases of yellow fever are asymptomatic, some lead to severe liver disease, caused by liver cell cytolysis. In February 2018, yellow fever with hepatitis was diagnosed for 2 patients returning to France after travel to Brazil (Rio de Janeiro coastal area, including the island of Ilha Grande).
Allergen-induced eosinophil cytolysis is a primary mechanism for granule protein release in human upper airways.
Multiple mechanisms are involved in Treg cell immunosuppression including inhibitory cytokines, metabolic disruption of T-cells, cytolysis, and regulation of dendritic cells.
The liver cytolysis was estimated from plasma transaminases.
Laboratory examinations (Table 1) during the current hospital admission revealed severe pancytopenia, marked inflammatory syndrome, predominance of the alpha 1 fraction in protein electrophoresis, nitrogen retention syndrome (urea 55 mg/dL, creatinine clearance 31 mL/min), incomplete hepatic cholestasis, minimal hepatic cytolysis (aspartate aminotransferase 39 U/L, alanine aminotransferase 57 U/L), and hypoalbuminemia (3.19 g/dL).
The relationship between target cell binding, chemiluminescence, and cytolysis, J.
Blood chemistry revealed mixed hyperbilirubinemia (10 mg/dL), with the predominance of the conjugated fraction (8.6 mg/dL), increased [gamma]-glutamyl transpeptidase and alkaline phosphatase levels (1198 U/L and 501 U/L, respectively), and moderate hepatic cytolysis (alanine aminotransferase 169 U/L and aspartate aminotransferase 120 U/L).
In some cases, subcorneal pustules are present because of cytolysis. Characteristic histological spongiform pustules can help distinguish APP from subcorneal pustular disease (3).
Primary effusion lymphoma--discohesive tumor cells, some multinucleate cell forms, some cytolysis (hematoxylin-eosin, original magnification X200).