cytoplasm


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cy·to·plasm

 (sī′tə-plăz′əm)
n.
The protoplasm enclosed by the plasma membrane of cell, excluding the nucleus in eukaryotic cells and cellular DNA in prokaryotic cells.

cy′to·plas′mic (-plăz′mĭk) adj.
cy′to·plas′mi·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cytoplasm

(ˈsaɪtəʊˌplæzəm)
n
(Microbiology) the protoplasm of a cell contained within the cell membrane but excluding the nucleus: contains organelles, vesicles, and other inclusions
ˌcytoˈplasmic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cy•to•plasm

(ˈsaɪ təˌplæz əm)

n.
the cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus, containing the cytosol, organelles, cytoskeleton, and various particles.
[1870–75; cyto- + -plasm]
cy`to•plas′mic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cy·to·plasm

(sī′tə-plăz′əm)
The jelly-like material that makes up much of a cell inside the cell membrane, and, in eukaryotic cells, surrounds the nucleus. The organelles of the cell, such as mitochondria and (in green plants) chloroplasts, are contained in the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm together with the nucleus make up the cell's protoplasm. See more at cell.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cytoplasm

the entire substance of a cell excluding the nucleus.
See also: Heredity
the protoplasm of a cell, not including the nucleus. — cytoplasmic, adj.
See also: Cells
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cytoplasm

1. The region of a cell between the nucleus and membrane, containing the organelles.
2. A cell’s jellylike contents except for the nucleus.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleuscytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
plasmodium - multinucleate sheet of cytoplasm characteristic of some stages of such organisms as slime molds
living substance, protoplasm - the substance of a living cell (including cytoplasm and nucleus)
cytoplast - the intact cytoplasmic content of a cell
cytoskeleton - a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
cytosol - the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various particles and organelles are suspended
ectoplasm - the outer granule-free layer of cytoplasm
endoplasm - the inner portion of the cytoplasm of a cell
hyaloplasm, ground substance - the clear nongranular portion of the cytoplasm of a cell
microsome - a tiny granule in the cytoplasm that is where protein synthesis takes place under the direction of mRNA
dictyosome, Golgi apparatus, Golgi body, Golgi complex - a netlike structure in the cytoplasm of animal cells (especially in those cells that produce secretions)
central body, centrosome - small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
sarcoplasm - the cytoplasm of a striated muscle fiber
syncytium - a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei and enclosed in a membrane but no internal cell boundaries (as in muscle fibers)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
solulimasytoplasma
citoplazma
umfrymi

cytoplasm

[ˈsaɪtəʊplæzm] Ncitoplasma m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

cytoplasm

nZytoplasma nt, → Zellplasma nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

cytoplasm

[ˈsaɪtəʊˌplæzm] ncitoplasma m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

cy·to·plasm

n. citoplasma, protoplasma de una célula con exclusión del núcleo.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The first region of interest was used as a training set to derive a set of color classifiers that described the color attributes of nuclei, cytoplasm, stroma, and the white point of the image, following a previously described method.
The neoplastic cells were polyhedral in shape with pale blue cytoplasm with anisocytosis and anisokaryosis (Fig.1) were also seen.
Positivity was evaluated separately for nuclei and cytoplasm. The intensity of staining was also scored in the range of 0-3 (negative, weakly stained, mildly or strongly stained) (Fig.
It has been reported that after GH binds to GHR, GH is rapidly internalized into the cytoplasm (Lobie et al., 1994), and previous studies have considered that internalized GH is targeted to the lysosome for degradation.
During the course of infection, HIV fuses onto a target immune cell and delivers its capsid, a cone that holds the genetic material of the virus, into the cell's cytoplasm. From there, the capsid disassembles through a process called "uncoating," which is crucial to the synthesis of viral DNA from its RNA genome and the hijacking of the cell's functions.
In contrast, BMP-7 was demonstrated in the cytoplasm of TEC in sham kidneys, whereas the labeling of BMP-7 was decreased in cytoplasm of TEC particularly in dilated and atrophic tubules of the placebo treated UUO kidneys since day 3 after UUO and progressively loss until day 14.
While plant and animals cells have their differences, they have the same basic structure - a nucleus surrounded by a jelly-like fluid called the cytoplasm, and enclosed by a membrane.
As it is apparent from the detailed view of a blood vessel in panel (b), the cytoplasm of the endothelial and smooth muscle cells is positive as well, not only the respective nuclei.
Most of the traits were not significantly affected by the sterile cytoplasm in majority of the cross combinations.