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The protoplasm enclosed by the plasma membrane of cell, excluding the nucleus in eukaryotic cells and cellular DNA in prokaryotic cells.
cy′to·plas′mic (-plăz′mĭk) adj.
(Microbiology) the protoplasm of a cell contained within the cell membrane but excluding the nucleus: contains organelles, vesicles, and other inclusions
cy•to•plasm(ˈsaɪ təˌplæz əm)
the cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus, containing the cytosol, organelles, cytoskeleton, and various particles.
The jelly-like material that makes up much of a cell inside the cell membrane, and, in eukaryotic cells, surrounds the nucleus. The organelles of the cell, such as mitochondria and (in green plants) chloroplasts, are contained in the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm together with the nucleus make up the cell's protoplasm. See more at cell.
the entire substance of a cell excluding the nucleus.See also: Heredity
the protoplasm of a cell, not including the nucleus. — cytoplasmic, adj.See also: Cells
1. The region of a cell between the nucleus and membrane, containing the organelles.
2. A cell’s jellylike contents except for the nucleus.
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|Noun||1.||cytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism|
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
plasmodium - multinucleate sheet of cytoplasm characteristic of some stages of such organisms as slime molds
cytoplast - the intact cytoplasmic content of a cell
cytoskeleton - a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
cytosol - the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various particles and organelles are suspended
ectoplasm - the outer granule-free layer of cytoplasm
endoplasm - the inner portion of the cytoplasm of a cell
microsome - a tiny granule in the cytoplasm that is where protein synthesis takes place under the direction of mRNA
dictyosome, Golgi apparatus, Golgi body, Golgi complex - a netlike structure in the cytoplasm of animal cells (especially in those cells that produce secretions)
central body, centrosome - small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
sarcoplasm - the cytoplasm of a striated muscle fiber
syncytium - a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei and enclosed in a membrane but no internal cell boundaries (as in muscle fibers)