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The protoplasm enclosed by the plasma membrane of cell, excluding the nucleus in eukaryotic cells and cellular DNA in prokaryotic cells.

cy′to·plas′mic (-plăz′mĭk) adj.
cy′to·plas′mi·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


by means of a cytoplasm
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.cytoplasmically - by means of cytoplasm
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
After uptake into the enterocyte, the transcellular movement of BS is mediated by cytosolic ileal bile acid-binding protein, also known as fatty acid-binding protein 6 or gastrotropin (IBABP, FABP6, gene FABP6), that is cytoplasmically attached to ASBT [30].
AAV-CAG were used to construct a nuclear version of the mitochondrial gene which codes for cytoplasmically expressed proteins.
Full-length DNAJB6(L) (38 kDa) predominantly exhibits nuclear localization due to the presence of a C-terminal nuclear localization sequence, whereas the short isoform DNAJB6(S) (27 kDa) lacks the localization signal and is therefore predominantly cytoplasmically located [5, 6].
Dispersal and survival in the field of chemosterilized, irradiated, and cytoplasmically incompatible male Culex pipiens fatigans.
Yields and other agronomic characteristics of cytoplasmically pollen sterile corn hybrids compared to their normal counterparts.
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, two genes, adhl and adh2, code for two cytoplasmically expressed alcohol dehydrogenases: ADH I and ADH II.
"The Seafarer" is also the template for"Hafville," in which the loose positioning of subjects--of"they," "we," and "I"--graftstogether a huge, cytoplasmically continuous subject.
This is supported by a report on Arabidopsis thaliana that showed the RPP5 gene is cytoplasmically localized, as it had no signal peptide or membrane spanning region in its gene sequence, "as reviewed by [20]."
Our results are in agreement with a previous study that also detected more HMGB1 expression intranuclearly and cytoplasmically than extracellularly in the presence of a chronic inflammatory disease [31].
Despite that ALT and AST are not liver-specific and their level may not by reliable reflection of the severity of hepatic damage [34], these transaminases are located cytoplasmically and are the first to be released after liver damage [35].
The members of the genus Wolbachia are cytoplasmically inherited, intracellular bacteria beloning to the Rickettsiaeceae family (1,2).