czar

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Related to czardom: tzardom

czar

 (zär, tsär)
n.
1. also tsar or tzar (zär, tsär) A male monarch or emperor, especially one of the emperors who ruled Russia until the revolution of 1917.
2. A person having great power or authority: an energy czar.

[Russian tsar', from Old Russian tsĭsarĭ, emperor, king, from Old Church Slavonic tsěsarĭ, from Gothic kaisar, from Greek, from Latin Caesar, emperor; see caesar.]

czar′dom n.
Usage Note: The word czar, a borrowing from Russian originally referring to the emperor of Russia, is a cousin of the German word Kaiser; both words descend from the name of the Roman emperor Julius Caesar. The spelling tsar is preferred in most Slavic scholarship, as it follows the standard conventions of Russian transliteration. The spelling czar is the more common form in American English, and is the only one employed in the extended sense "someone in authority," as in energy czar.

czar

(zɑː)
n
(Historical Terms) a variant spelling (esp US) of tsar
ˈczardom n

czar

or tsar

(zɑr, tsɑr)

n.
1. an emperor or king.
2. (often cap.) the former emperor of Russia.
3. an autocratic ruler or leader.
4. any person exercising great authority or power: a czar of industry.
[1545–55; < Russian tsar', Old Russian tsĭsarĭ emperor, king (akin to Old Church Slavonic tsěsarĭ) < Gothic kaisar emperor (< Greek or Latin); Greek kaîsar < Latin Caesar Caesar]
czar′dom, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.czar - a male monarch or emperor (especially of Russia prior to 1917)czar - a male monarch or emperor (especially of Russia prior to 1917)
Russia - a former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia created in the 14th century with Moscow as the capital; powerful in the 17th and 18th centuries under Peter the Great and Catherine the Great when Saint Petersburg was the capital; overthrown by revolution in 1917
crowned head, monarch, sovereign - a nation's ruler or head of state usually by hereditary right
2.czar - a person having great power
autocrat, despot, tyrant - a cruel and oppressive dictator
Translations
car
car
tsaar
tsaari
car
cár
tsar, keisari
cars
cár
car
tsar

czar

[zɑːʳ] Nzar m

czar

[ˈzɑːr] ntsar m

czar

nZar m

czar

[zɑːʳ] nzar m inv

tsar,

czar,

tzar

(zaː) noun
(the status of) any of the former emperors of Russia. He was crowned tsar; Tsar Nicholas.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is the element of Czardom in Vladimir Putin's rule and style.
Palmer acknowledged he would shed no tears for the deported anarchists who had not engaged in violence: "It has been inferred by the 'Reds' that the United States Government, by arresting and deporting them, is returning to the autocracy of Czardom, adopting the system that created the severity of Siberian banishment.
The Ottoman Palace objects is visiting the Palace of Czardom in the exhibition which is organized with the support of the Istanbul 2010 European Capital of Culture Agency and with the cooperation of the Topkapi Palace Museum and the Kremlin Palace Museum.