daughter cell


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daugh·ter cell

(dô′tər)
Either of the two cells formed when a cell undergoes cell division. Daughter cells are genetically identical to the parent cell because they contain the same number and type of chromosomes.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.daughter cell - a cell formed by the division or budding of another cell; "anthrax grows by dividing into two daughter cells that are generally identical"
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
References in periodicals archive ?
As stem cells can divide asymmetrically, segregation of harmful factors to the differentiating daughter cell could be one possible mechanism for slowing damage accumulation in the stem cell.
When a stem cell in the fruit fly gut divides, it creates a daughter cell that wraps itself around its mother and siblings and prevents them from turning into specialized tissues, researchers report online January 7 in Science.
During each cell division, the theory went, only the newly replicated strands of DNA were passed to the daughter cell, while the mother strand was maintained by the original stem cell.
Habib and his colleagues also found that the daughter cell closest to the Wnt3a signal expressed proteins showing it was maintaining its pluripotency, or ability to function as a stem cell like its parent.
Each of these cells divides into two cells: One that replaces itself and another that differentiates into a pigment-producing daughter cell called a melanocyte, which imbues hair with its browns, reds and blacks.
The researchers showed that a gene named SAPCD2 influences cell division orientation and controls daughter cell fates in vivo.
An adult stem cell spawns a daughter cell that then develops into one of the various cell types within a particular organ.
Two types of stem cells exist in the fruit fly testis: One whose fate is to produce a daughter cell that matures into a full-fledged sperm cell and a daughter that stays as a stem cell (otherwise, in each division the tissue would lose a stem cell and quickly exhaust its capacity for renewal), and a second stem cell type that is a somatic, or non-sex, stem cell that similarly produces a daughter that stays as a stem cell, and another daughter that matures into a protective cell that flanks the maturing sperm cell in an encysting process.
The biological process of mitosis is tightly regulated by specific biochemical checkpoints to ensure that each daughter cell receives an equal set of sub-cellular materials, such as chromosomes or organelles, to create new cells properly.
As a stem cell divides, one daughter cell moves out of the niche to generate mature sperm cells.
When a stem cell divides into two, one daughter cell remains as an undifferentiated stem cell, thereby preserving that cell's potential for regeneration and repair.