In the 1950s, Nikita Khrushchev began a campaign of de-Stalinization
in the Soviet Union.
7) These showed that a significant part of the Georgian population met de-Stalinization
with displeasure, assessing it as a threat to Georgia.
This perspective informs Polly Jones's aptly named and impressively researched study of the "memory politics" of de-Stalinization
, which Nikita Khrushchev instigated with his "Secret Speech," "On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences," at the Twentieth Party Congress in February 1956 (12).
In this sense, it is welcome that Igor Torbakov, in his contribution on Russia, insists on keeping discussions of the war tightly linked to the memory and experience of the Soviet Socialist Republics, de-Stalinization
, and the new nationalisms in Eastern Europe.
In 2011, another poll, commissioned by VTsIOM, revealed that 45 percent of Russians opposed the de-Stalinization
Thanks to de-Stalinization
millions of people, including whole nations such as Chechens and Crimean Tatars, were allowed to return home after years of exile in Central Asia and Siberia.
This sombre setting, which reflects the political and economic climate of Poland undergoing de-Stalinization
, is a perfect backdrop for experimenting with the camera.
Translated in IR terms, the historical--political context of Sovietization of the Eastern Europe, the de-Stalinization
process held after the 1950s, the political turmoil experienced by Poland and Hungary, the internal tensions in Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej's regime could be better understood in a social-constructivist theoretical framework.
Forces beyond the academy conspired as well, being in the very zeitgeist of the late 1980s: the end of the Cold War and the de-Stalinization
of eastern Europe; the rediscovery of race as well as gender; the cultural fashions of political correctness and multiculturalism; and the identity politics to which they gave rise.
Elsewhere in the bloc, however, not much changed until February 1956, when Khrushchev delivered his de-Stalinization
speech to the 20th Congress of the CPSU.
The other events I would like to discuss here involve the World War II context and Althusser's relation during Stalinism and de-Stalinization
to the French Communist Party, which he joined in 1948.
Khrushchev's self-eulogizing flatly contradicted his earlier de-Stalinization
campaign, the point of which was that Stalin betrayed communism by doing all that he could to resemble the royals of the past.