All samples were stored in 85% alcohol and inventoried electronically with the following information: sample location (GPS coordinates), date of collection, collector identification, and type of sample (soldier, alate, dealate
, nymph, worker).
Mackay and Mackay (2010) have also recorded dealate
females, that is, females that had already been inseminated in this month in Brazil.
Many species of Ptilomerinae are only known from apterous morphs; macropterous forms are rare and often dealate
(Chen et al.
In fact, this species appeared to be much more abundant than the previous year and multiple colonies with dealate
queens were discovered nesting under the bark of numerous palms.
It is a dealate
female and was collected in an apparently normal nest in terms of the population, including the queen itself.
Our use of dealate
queens could also have biased the QP experiments against detection of host preferences in weakly discriminating ant species, since with wings removed, queens had very limited opportunities for reaching other host plants.
For the Kasori population, dealate
queens were not collected in association with nests and are assumed each to have originated from a different nest.
We therefore included only species in which queen number had been surveyed in at least 10 colonies (but see table 1 for a few species in which data were available for fewer than 10 colonies), categorizing as polygynous those species in which at least 25% of the surveyed colonies contained more than one dealate
The presence and number of ant dealate
females, alate females, males, workers, cocoons, and larvae, as well as the presence of any adult myrmecophile (especially eucharitid parasitoids), were recorded.
tuberculatum collected from the whole Soconusco region over 16 yr, only 3 were digynous and one contained 4 non-functional, mermithised dealate
females (Lachaud, unpublished data).
A new species of ant, Solenopsis enigmatica, is described from 2 dealate
queens and 3 workers collected from nests of Pheidole antillana Forel in rainforest on the island of Dominica, West Indies.
After flying, the alates shed their wings and associate as pairs of female and male dealates