deamination

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de·am·i·nate

 (dē-ăm′ə-nāt′)
tr.v. de·am·i·nat·ed, de·am·i·nat·ing, de·am·i·nates
To remove an amino group, NH2, from (an organic compound).

de·am′i·na′tion n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.deamination - removal of the amino radical from an amino acid or other amino compound
chemical action, chemical change, chemical process - (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
References in periodicals archive ?
Serotonin is deaminated by MAO through the oxidation mechanism into the 5-hydroxyindole acetaldehyde.
Identification of free deaminated sialic acid (2-Keto-3-deoxy-Dglycero-D-galacto-nononic Acid) in human red blood cells and its elevated expression in fetal cord red blood cells and ovarian cancer cells.
It is deaminated to form amfenac, a potent COX inhibitor.
Asn has similar structure to aspartate, and it can be deaminated to form aspartate in an ATP-dependent amidation reaction [8].
It is now being considered for use in GBM therapy.2,3 The positive interaction between gemcitabine and radiotherapy is likely due to a combination of mechanisms that include deoxyadenosine triphosphate depletion, cell cycle redistribution and inhibition of DNA synthases and repair.2Gemcitabine can be deaminated to its metabolite difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU), also a radiosensitizer.3
Phenolics arise from either phenylalanine or tyrosine amino acids that are deaminated into cinnamic acids (C6-C3) and are primarily derived from the phenylpropanoids [3, 4].
Unlike other NSAIDs, nepafenac is a prodrug that is deaminated to its active metabolite (amfenac) in the ocular tissues.
Finally, extracellular adenosine can be deaminated to inosine by adenosine deaminase (ADA) [43].
As cytosine is deaminated in formalin-fixed tissues (13, 14), it is likely that 5-mC undergoes corresponding deamination to thymine.
Phenylalanine is catalytically deaminated to cinnamic acid and then cinnamic acid is converted to various polyphenols, which share a definitive structural component: a phenol or an aromatic ring with at least one hydroxyl group.
(2006), when protein is present in excess, its amino acids are transaminated and/or deaminated, and resulting carbon skeleton is diverted to energetic metabolic routes, resulting in increased nitrogen excretion (SA et al., 2008).
The higher whole body fat content beyond the optimum protein requirement level in the diet may be due to the fact that the excess dietary protein content in these diets gets deaminated and stored as body fat.