Dreifuerst (2012) explains that a possible difference in scores between the intervention and control groups in her study may have been due, in part, to the confounding variable of a single facilitator/ debriefer
From the outset, a peer debriefer
(PD) with twenty years of experience in qualitative and quantitative research was utilized to assist in the qualitative data analysis process.
Finally, a peer debriefer
(someone outside the organization but familiar with competency modeling) reviewed data, integration notes, and Trends and Implications Draft 1 to validate analysis decisions and to provide feedback on the trends and implications at this stage of the process.
Steps taken to ensure the trustworthiness of results as they emerged from this investigation or the slices of data (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) included keeping a reflective journal, documents reviews, member checks, and consultation with a peer debriefer
to explore findings after each round of data analysis occurred.
He is a retired Air Force colonel with a wide variety of operational, intelligence, and educational assignments and is a certified Department of Defense interrogator and strategic debriefer
. This article is based on remarks delivered 20 February 2009 to the International Intelligence Ethics Association.
First, throughout data collection and analysis, a knowledgeable qualitative researcher served as a peer debriefer
. Her role was to review the logical nature of the researcher's interpretations (Merriam, 1998).
However, there is disagreement in the latter tradition regarding how involved the researcher should be with his or her informants; some argue for merely documenting their own subjectivities (through keeping a journal, working with a peer debriefer
, etc.), whereas others with a participatory bent do not object to becoming advocates for their informants.
Credibility was established by using a triangulating investigator throughout the entire data analysis process, in addition to a peer debriefer
, who provided an objective lens when the investigators had differing opinions.
An onsite colleague, who taught one course with the same students, served as a peer debriefer
. This professor read initial reports of the study and was able to raise questions of bias in data interpretation as necessary.
The EAP Continuum encourages support services, such as self-care and "debriefing the debriefer
" programs (Potter 2000).
Zoe has worked her way up through the firm, starting as a driver debriefer
, followed by administration team leader and then sales administration manager.
They served as guides to the discussions held with the peer debriefer
and in formulating the categories that emerged from the analysis of the data.