As explained in the section 3,

Debye length is an important limiting factor, however, alternative and novel probing agents have been developed to deal with this limitation.

In this case it partnered with the Institute for Electronics, Microelectronics, and Nanotechnology (IEMN) in Lille, France, the

Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science and the Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of Utrecht, Netherlands and the Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems in Dresden, Germany.

We finally find a way out by investigating a plasma effect, the

Debye shielding.

The parameters of

Debye length and dynamic mobility of the FNEs droplets were also determined with the software provided by feeding the respective conductance data.

The PMMA has a polar ester group -COOC[H.sub.3] with a dipole moment of 1.6

Debye and dielectric constant of 3.4 [5].

As the simplest example, Figure 2 displays a Cole-Cole diagram of a

Debye function representing the FourierLaplace transformation of a single exponential relaxation:

where k = [([OMEGA][[lambda].sup.2]/[mu]).sup.1/2] is a normalized parameter expressed as a function of the

Debye length ([lambda]), the electric field excitation frequency ([OMEGA]), and the kinematic viscosity ([mu]).

Molecular weight is then calculated directly from these recorded data, provided that the concentration of the solution is known, using the Zimm Rayleigh

Debye equation.

Complex and frequency dependent dielectric permittivity is modeled with

Debye model (Eq.

Klinger (Bar-Ilan U.) briefly discusses fundamental properties of glassy disordered systems at high temperatures close to the transition to liquid, then in more detail discusses anomalous properties at low energies, in fact at low temperature and/or frequencies lower than the

Debye values.

If instead the S(r) on the ordinate axis we assume the heat for various substances temperatures T (which values are debugged on the abscissa), than instead [L.sub.0] we should indicate the

Debye temperature [[theta].sub.D].

Water molecules' performance under an external electric field is described by the

Debye relaxation model [7, 25].