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n. pl. de·cem·virs or de·cem·vi·ri (-və-rī′)
1. One of a body of ten Roman magistrates, especially a member of one of two such bodies appointed in 451 and 450 bc to draw up a code of laws.
2. One of an authoritative body of ten.

[Middle English, from Latin, sing. of decemvirī, commission of ten men : decem, ten; see dekm̥ in Indo-European roots + virī, pl. of vir, man; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots.]

de·cem′vi·ral adj.
de·cem′vi·rate (-vər-ĭt, -və-rāt′) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(dɪˈsɛmvɪrɪt; -ˌreɪt)
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a board of decemvirs
2. (Law) a board of decemvirs
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the rule or rank of decemvirs
4. (Law) the rule or rank of decemvirs
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
The competition in this instance ends up in a draw, which is reflected by the words idem and eadem: they not only have the same cause--the lust of the powerful, but also the same ending: the end of the monarchy in the first case, and the end of the decemvirate in the second one.
the decemvirate, consular tribunes, two consuls, and a praetor).