decemvir

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de·cem·vir

 (dĭ-sĕm′vər)
n. pl. de·cem·virs or de·cem·vi·ri (-və-rī′)
1. One of a body of ten Roman magistrates, especially a member of one of two such bodies appointed in 451 and 450 bc to draw up a code of laws.
2. One of an authoritative body of ten.

[Middle English, from Latin, sing. of decemvirī, commission of ten men : decem, ten; see dekm̥ in Indo-European roots + virī, pl. of vir, man; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots.]

de·cem′vi·ral adj.
de·cem′vi·rate (-vər-ĭt, -və-rāt′) n.

decemvir

(dɪˈsɛmvə)
n, pl -virs or -viri (-vɪˌriː)
1. (Historical Terms) (in ancient Rome) a member of a board of ten magistrates, esp either of the two commissions established in 451 and 450 bc to revise the laws
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a member of any governing body composed of ten men
[C17: from Latin, from decem ten + virī men]
deˈcemviral adj

de•cem•vir

(dɪˈsɛm vər)

n., pl. -virs, -vi•ri (-vəˌraɪ)
1. a member of any of several permanent boards or special commissions of ten members in ancient Rome, as the commission that drew up a code of laws 451-450 b.c.
2. a member of any council body of ten.
[1570–80; < Latin, orig. pl. decemvirī=decem ten + virī men]
de•cem′vi•ral, adj.
de•cem′vi•rate (-vər ɪt, -vəˌreɪt) n.

Decemvir

 a body of ten men acting as a commission, 1579.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The people objected to this action because Virginius was well respected, and their objections forced the decemviri to bring the case to trial, which Claudius rigged.
En la disposicion se pretendia establecer una comision de decemviri (65) investida con el poder de una lex curiata de imperio, con pullularis (66) y potestatem praetoriam (67) para establecer colonias y repartir tierras en Italia (68).
As Dryden observes, a similar law had been "made by the Decemviri ...
Dai Decemviri agli Umanisti, Pavia, IUSS Press, 2005.
Asi tenemos la Lex Publilia Voleronis (471), la aparicion de los Decemviri y la codificacion y publicacion de la Ley de lasXII Tablas, las Leyes Valerio-Horacias (449), La Lex Canuleia (445), la rogaciones Licionio- Sextias (367).
Tacitus wrote that after the Decemviri drew up the Twelve Tables in 452 B.C., Roman legislation up to Caesar Augustus displayed troubling signs of class dissension that led to the "ruin of individuals." Id.
Como sostiene ARANGIO-RUIZ, verdaderos colegios judiciales son los de los centumviri y de los decemviri stlitibus iudicatis: la competencia de los primeros es indudable en materia de herencia, la de los segundos en materia de libertad y esclavitud, mientras que se discute acerca de su competencia en otros tipos de controversia (17).