decemvir(redirected from decemviri)
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n. pl. de·cem·virs or de·cem·vi·ri (-və-rī′)
1. One of a body of ten Roman magistrates, especially a member of one of two such bodies appointed in 451 and 450 bc to draw up a code of laws.
2. One of an authoritative body of ten.
[Middle English, from Latin, sing. of decemvirī, commission of ten men : decem, ten; see dekm̥ in Indo-European roots + virī, pl. of vir, man; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots.]
de·cem′vi·rate (-vər-ĭt, -və-rāt′) n.
n, pl -virs or -viri (-vɪˌriː)
1. (Historical Terms) (in ancient Rome) a member of a board of ten magistrates, esp either of the two commissions established in 451 and 450 bc to revise the laws
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a member of any governing body composed of ten men
[C17: from Latin, from decem ten + virī men]
n., pl. -virs, -vi•ri (-vəˌraɪ)
1. a member of any of several permanent boards or special commissions of ten members in ancient Rome, as the commission that drew up a code of laws 451-450 b.c.
2. a member of any council body of ten.
[1570–80; < Latin, orig. pl. decemvirī=decem ten + virī men]
de•cem′vi•rate (-vər ɪt, -vəˌreɪt) n.
Decemvira body of ten men acting as a commission, 1579.